Intelligent dating service

Every week, OkCupid members go on over 50,000 dates, and the well-known online dating service is responsible for more than 91 million love connections every year. OkCupid was my dating site of choice for years because it offers free communication between mutual matches, and the dating profiles let people show off their quirks and get to know ... The following dating challenges seem to be common to most smart people. In fact, the smarter you are, the more clueless you will be, and the more problems you're going to have in your dating life. Once upon a day I used to be pretty smart, and believe me, I had a lock on clueless. In fact, I suspect less than half, because this site is also a dating service. Its founder, Danish lawyer Trine Jensen, explains: 'I believe that intelligent people communicate better with other ... If it isn't 100% clear yet, Intellectual Passions has been designed specifically for the Intellectuals community. While Intellectual Passions is part of a much (much) larger network of niche dating sites, it is a stand-alone Intellectuals Dating Site and members CHOOSE to join this site. But it doesn’t have to be like that. With VIDA, you’ll meet the intelligent, attractive women you’ve been looking for, without all the stress, frustration, and time. How is that possible? Simple – our team of dating experts does it all for you, from our dating profile writing service to modern matchmaking! Online Dating with EliteSingles. High Success Rate. Thousands of singles find love through our dating sites each month. Register today to find that special someone on EliteSingles. Intelligent Matchmaking. We continuously fine-tune our matchmaking algorithm to deliver the most relevant and active singles based on your preferences. Best dating for intelligent people. Meet people who are right for you. Take our free IQ test and personality test and find your perfect match.

Top 7 Alkaline Water Filters for 2020 & 2021 (The Best Ones)

2020.09.25 22:59 HolderPink Top 7 Alkaline Water Filters for 2020 & 2021 (The Best Ones)

If you are looking for the best alkaline water filters for 2020 and 2021 you are at the right place let's start with list
1) EHM Ultra Premium Alkaline water Pitcher

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2) Express Water Reverse Osmosis Alkaline Water Filtration System

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3) APEX Quality Countertop Drinking Water Filter

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4) APEC Water Systems Alkaline Water Filter

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5) Hskyhan Alkaline Water Filter Pitcher

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6) Pure Hydration Alkaline Water Machine

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7) Frizzlife RO Reverse Osmosis Water Filtration System

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That is all for today folks if you like it comment below.
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2020.09.25 06:45 sigmaborne TWIG #30 [Sony India PS5 launch, Opera's new gaming browser, RTX 3060, Luna cloud gaming service and more..]

SURPRISES
RELEASES
GAMES PLATFORM
Mafia: Definitive Edition Steam PS4 XBOX
Rebel Galaxy Outlaw Steam PS4 XBOX
Port Royale 4 Steam PS4 XBOX
Halo 3 ODST Steam
PS "Deal of the Week" The Division 2 - 339/-
GENERAL
PC
OTHERS
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2020.09.24 12:59 Tabij56 Marriage Prediction: Know your Marriage to be Love or Arranged by date of birth

Marriage Prediction: Know your Marriage to be Love or Arranged by date of birth
Are you constantly consider the question – when will I get married accurately? Are you worried about whether you will be compatible with your future partner or will my marriage be love or arranged? If yes then Genuine free marriage prediction can put your mind at ease and help you find your future soulmate.

Marriage Prediction
A marriage is a divine alliance between two holy souls, Symbolizing love, trust, and commitment between two hearts. Having a lasting relationship is what everyone wishes for. Unsatisfied, Delayed, and second marriage invites the depression phase in human life. Choosing the right soul mate, you can make your life dashing with Marriage prediction Age; it can be the most glaring decision of your life.

How to Predict Marriage using Marriage Prediction Astrology?

if you have fallen in love! Your heart is soaring and life is grand. But will this romance lead to commitment or marriage? To answer this question, we need to consider the 7th house of your Astrology report! The 7th house is a malefic planet Zodiac and malefic planet house that rules marriage and all committed relationships in your future life. According to the Zodiac sign, if any person the 7th load is week then that person will have two wives and multiple marriages happen. Astrology Predictions for Marriage focuses on providing a broad, predictive compatibility forecast of your marriage life, about your spouse, the bond you'll share, highs & lows, and much more based on planetary positions. Marriage Predication analyzed narrative summoning about the possibility of a marriage by a certain age, date, and time and factors casting an impression in your marriage with your spouse.

Significance of Marriage Prediction

Free marriage prediction by date of birth is indeed a very helpful service provided by us. The information interpreted by our experience free astrology predictions for marriage will help you to alleviate your queries regarding Marriage. You can plan your career and finance steps according to the time and date of marriage.
Unhappy Marriages can drain you emotionally, financially & create several legal and social issues. marriage age prediction by date of birth free online service helps clear doubts of marrying a certain person with their personality and behaviour. This will decrease the chances of an unhappy marriage and give a healthy marriage life. Use Free Marriage Prediction reports for better marriage Related decisions today!

Marriage Problem and solutions

Marriage is a holy bond between two couples and in India, it is basically done with full rituals and traditions where two families get together to marry their children. Basically, in marriage, both couples need to understand each other and spend some time with each and then a happy life starts. But most of the cases the couple thinking is not matched with each other and they find some problems in life. In India we have seen there are problems related to marriage even before marriage and also after the marriage. Before marriage problems include issues like parents not allowing love marriage, dowry system, society, and some other related issues. After marriage, there are compatibility issues, differences in thinking, and many more. All these issues can be found in every household where couples fail to cooperate with each other and the relationship breaks. In that situation consult Marriage Problem Solutions astrologer because marriage problems are directly related to the positions of stars and planets. Our Genuine check your Marriage Horoscope and try to solve all issues. you can also get all information about marriage problems and solutions can be available 24*7 from our website.

Marriage Astrologer in Delhi

Delhi is the largest city and capital of India. Many people of India live in Delhi it may v job holder or many studying purpose. Nowadays people associated with the problem of love marriage in Delhi City are coming to us a lot. In modern times people have become so much aware and intelligent, that he knows to choose his life partner himself, and also chooses himself. Most of the family is like in Delhi city, who looks at the love marriage wrongly. The problem is not in the love marriage, Whether the parents will accept or not, they only have to understand. Due to the pressure of understanding, parents refuse to marry their children with love.
Has a love marriage problem occurred in your life? Your family has clearly refused to love you, you must have spent lots of time astrology to convince your parents for marriage but the matter is not being solved. Today our love marriage specialist in Delhi will help you fully. He will try to convince your parents for love marriage within a day. Our genuine astrologer in Delhi will give you result in 100 percent to get your child love.
For More details about love, marriage visit Tabij.in call on +919776190123
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2020.09.23 18:12 jonesava Reflective Material Market to Expand at a CAGR of 10.8% from 2020 to 20273M, ORAFOL Europe GmbH, REFLOMAX, Palho Group,etc.

Reflective Material Market Overview:
The report studies Reflective Material in Global market Professional Survey 2019: Industry Trends, Industry Growth, Size, Share, Drivers, Restraints, Opportunities, Production, Segmentation, Pricing, Value, Volume, Company Profiling, Competitive Landscape, Product Portfolio, and Specifications for the Forecast Period till 2026.
The Global Reflective Material Market is projected to grow at a CAGR of 10.8% from USD 2.86 billion in 2019 to USD 6.43 billion in 2027.
This market intelligence study curates an exhaustive database of industrial essentials for formulating favorable strategies. A thorough investigation of the value chain and the distribution channel is provided in this study by business professionals. The Reflective Material Market study offers detailed information pertaining to the extent and application of the market, which helps better understand the global sector. This report on the Global Reflective Material Market discusses several growth prospects, including the industry sectors, current trends, up-to-date outlines, driving factors, and hurdles, overall offering market projections for the coming years.s
Get Access to Report Sample: https://www.reportsanddata.com/sample-enquiry-form/1226
Major Key Players of the Reflective Material Market are: 3M, ORAFOL Europe GmbH, Avery Dennison Dominic Optical, NIPPON CARBIDE INDUSTRIES CO. INC., REFLOMAX, Palho Group, Jinsung Corporation, Viz Reflectives, and Daoming Optics & Chemical Co. Ltd, among others has been profiled in the report. They are the major manufacturers of the product.
The Reflective Material market is heavily consolidated owing to a large number of global, regional, and local key contenders having already established a significant footing. The key participants dominate the operations in the industry with their extensive geographical coverage and huge production facilities. Players operating in this market are in intense competition in terms of technological innovations, product development, and product pricing. To gain a competitive edge over the other competitors in the Reflective Material industry, the leading players are focusing more on ways to offer products at attractive prices.
For the purpose of this report, Reports and Data has segmented the Reflective Material market on the basis of type, end use, and region:
Product Outlook (Revenue: USD Billion; Volume: Million Tons; 2017-2027)

https://preview.redd.it/k1k8aed99xo51.jpg?width=2000&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=7d7453c05cfccaa3e71cdf6eed377953b37d3f16
Material Type Outlook (Revenue: USD Billion; Volume: Million Tons; 2017-2027)
Application Outlook (Revenue: USD Billion; Volume: Million Tons; 2017-2027)
Get Discount on this Report: https://www.reportsanddata.com/discount-enquiry-form/1226
Regional Outlook (Revenue in USD Million; 2016–2027)
What are the market factors that are explained in the report?
  1. Market dynamics: The Reflective Material report also assesses the various commercial possibilities that are expected to be revealed in the near future and the positive revenue forecasts in the years ahead. It also studies the key markets and explores different geographies where the industry is established.
  2. Competitive Market Share: The key players focus their operations in the sector in select regions, owing to their robust geographic reach and huge production facilities. Players operating in this market are in intense competition in terms of technological advancements, product development, and product pricing. To gain a competitive upper hand over the other rivals in the Reflective Material industry, the prominent players are focusing more on offering products at reasonable prices.
  3. The Goal of The Report: The main objective of this research study is to provide a holistic overview and a better interpretation of market aspects to producers, suppliers, and distributors. The readers can get profound insights into this market that will allow them to formulate and develop critical strategies to bring about the desired business expansion.
  4. Feature of the report:
The report studies the key factors affecting the market:
The various opportunities in the market.
  1. To study the overall size of the market and deduce industry trends from this analysis.
  2. To inspect the market based on the product, market share, and product share.
  3. To analyze the market on the basis of end-users and applications focused on the growth rate of each application segment.
View Full Report Description with TOC: https://www.reportsanddata.com/report-detail/reflective-materials-market
Reasons to Purchase Reflective Material Market Report:
  1. Current and future progression of Reflective Material products in the developed and emerging markets.
  2. The segments that are estimated to control the future growth of the Reflective Material market.
  3. Regions that are expected to undergo the fastest growth during the forecast years.
  4. Identify the recent developments, Reflective Material market shares, and lucrative strategies deployed by the prominent market contenders.
Moreover, the research report mentions the leading players in the global Reflective Material market. Their critical marketing approaches and advertising enterprise have been underlined to offer a clear outlook of the Reflective Material market.
Related Reports –
About Us: Reports and Data is a market research and consulting company that provides syndicated research reports, customized research reports, and consulting services. Our solutions purely focus on your purpose to locate, target and analyze consumer behavior shifts across demographics, across industries and help client’s make a smarter business decision. We offer market intelligence studies ensuring relevant and fact-based research across a multiple industries including Healthcare, Technology, Chemicals, Types, and Energy. We consistently update our research offerings to ensure our clients are aware about the latest trends existent in the market.
Contact Us: John Watson Head of Business Development Direct Line: +1-212-710-1370 E-mail: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) Reports and Data Web: www.reportsanddata.com News: www.reportsanddata.com/market-news Connect with us: Facebook Google+ LinkedIn Twitter
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2020.09.23 13:34 JBL_0 Chiapas- Customs seizes 627 kg of cocaine hidden in plastic recycling truck bound for Veracruz

Chiapas- Customs seizes 627 kg of cocaine hidden in plastic recycling truck bound for Veracruz

https://preview.redd.it/k78sqebrvvo51.jpg?width=500&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=e001b378b6682485658a884948f9181ed755f650
![img](fez62jbrvvo51 " By SILVIA RODRIGUEZ Mexico City /22.09.2020 10:51:43 ")
The Tax Administration Service (SAT) reported that the General Customs Administration (AGA) seized 627 kilograms of cocaine, located in a tractor-trailer that transported recycled plastic bales bound for the port of Veracruz. It was discovered in the Huixtla customs section, belonging to the customs of Ciudad Hidalgo, Chiapas.
In a statement, he indicated that according to the official report, customs personnel found 627 packages in the form of bricks lined with plastic and hidden between the bales. Following the discovery, the Attorney General's Office (FGR) was notified in order to integrate the corresponding investigation folder.
From March to date, 2,591 kilograms of cocaine have been seized at said customs with the use of high technology, which represents the largest seizure of the six-year term.
“The intelligence tasks in customs are giving us results. In Chiapas, we detected that these amounts of cocaine are being transferred by land and that they were going to Veracruz. That is why we achieved this historic seizure in the last three years”, said the general administrator of Customs, Horacio Duarte.
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2020.09.23 12:32 auditfirmdubai CFO Services in UAE

All you need to know about CFOs in UAE and the benefits of having a CFO
Today’s CFOs require in-depth knowledge of 4 key regions: method development, controls, operational control, and improvements.
In nowadays dynamic and robust enterprise environment, CFO plays a crucial and strategic position in lots of methods for any business. Most corporations and especially SMEs, recognize the want for this expertise. However, owners frequently attempt to do it themselves, mainly if they trust that their enterprise cannot come up with the money for a full-time CFO’s cost.
CFO, or chief financial officer, is a provider that strives to offer highly skilled and expert assistance concerning all sorts of economic necessities an employer or business enterprise may additionally All companies have a single commonplace goal – to improve profitability. He is accountable for the management and allocation of commercial enterprise finances in the maximum profitable way. Without the high-level information from an investment professional, management won’t be able to carry out the analysis that is important for deep expertise of what drives the lowest line.
CFOs accomplice with business owners and different managers to make essential selections. This at once impacts your commercial enterprise’s achievement, whether you want a pro-CFO expert in UAE to provide advisory or interim CFO provider or aid for critical projects.
Task and obligations of the CFO

Financial Planning

Financial planning describes the maximum competent ways of the usage of business finance and appropriate regions to concentrate on capital funding. It involves determining the capital shape required to run the business successfully and outlines the optimum direction of motion to undertake. It is finishes thru a comprehensive evaluation of available financial variables that help analyze the impact of various choices on the business’s monetary kingdom.

Preparation of Financial statements

Preparation of financial reports which preserve the business appraised of where it stands financially. Financial statements are sizeable for the corporation as they stimulate correct decision making by summarizing the business prices, sales, belongings, liabilities, and capital.
Those reviews encompass:
  1. Statement of profit and loss
  2. Statement of financial position
  3. Cash Flow statement
With the aid of preparing up-to-date and efficient economic reviews, a commercial enterprise can oversee the usage of its net profits, the net cash flow, and the association of benefits and costs in the corporation. This information will assist the managers in making choices up to date updated reduce business costs, growth sales, purchase new business property, and create distinctive picks, such as whether updated keep or discontinue certain activities. Sooner or later, able decision making will empower marketplace enlargement and generate a better market share.
CFO oversees the timeliness and accuracy of those reviews, which are vital up to date maintain systematic statistics of business operations.

Manage Cash Flow in high quality

Cash flow management is related to fixing issues of cash flow shortages or surplus in high quality. A CFO attempts to delay charging creditors and achieve earnings quicker from receivables to keep a healthful cash drift. Having an excellent cash flow will permit startups to stay away from financial institution overdrafts and feature enough cash to attain cash discounts if to be had or to understand different useful possibilities. A CFO will decorate the working capital and free up any money tied up to the stock.

Strategic Planning

Formulate brief- and lengthy-run financial strategies that reduce business charges, grow sales, and accommodate higher returns on funding. With an effective economic plan, a startup business may be able to meet up-to-date costs promptly without overtime costs for late payment. They will also be able to gain economies of scale or bulk shopping for discounts and eventually provide lower prices inside the marketplace as they hold their charges low.

Budget Preparation and Monitoring

Budgeting involves forecasting quick- and lengthy-time period costs, revenues, and expenses to establish an operational roadmap. Building a price range plan details the business’s projected financials and allows the organization to plot for adjustments that could affect their overall performance. However, monitoring the outflow and inflow of finance within the enterprise ensures financial subject and healthy flow.
By understanding the challenge of businesses and providing strategies, a Strategic CFO would focus on critical areas:
  1. Formulating a business approach and action Plans; facilitate their Implementation.
  2. Build Annual Budgets and performance management discipline
  3. MIS & Dashboards creation – timely management info to enhance choice-making
  4. Create budgetary manage measures
  5. Beautify monetary area especially in operating Capital control
  6. Offer everyday enterprise recommendations to the CEO/owners as required.

CFO Service for Start-up business in UAE

While planning to start a business in UAE, the question arises of how much finance should he/she invest in the industry? Considering the UAE’s market, with endless successfully established firms, enterprise owners may be emotionally beaten and worry about misguiding their commercial enterprise investment, hence falling into a sad loss.
This may not be the case if you take precautions when handling money and establish long-run investment perspectives with precision. These extensive financial measures and decisions can summarize under CFO Services. Start-up companies are likely to ought to receive CFO services in Dubai because:
  1. They may be new in the financial surroundings and won’t have adequate understanding to comprehend onto the right possibilities
  2. Start-ups have many other operations to focus on as they start their enterprise. Subsequently, the owners may additionally overlook the financial procedures of the commercial enterprise, which might also lead to sudden severe losses.
  3. The investment is more significant, lengthy-time, and tough to reverse the high hazard; consequently, it should be mitigated via dealing with the commercial enterprise finance with intelligence.
  4. The possibility of making a loss is better for start-up businesses; therefore, they may be extra to want for strategies to reap profitability.

What CFO services we provide

Full-time CFO Services

We can continuously interact with you as your strategic partner to help manage the finance branch and develop your business. We attempt to improve approaches with better financial reports.
Our CFO outsourcing offerings will provide continuous cash flow forecasting. Our CFO specialists will guide and speak the cautioned strategies to help the choice-makers get a clearer image of possible results. We can additionally highlight capability influences to your earnings and cash flow primarily based on these selections.

Project CFO services

Whether you want to amplify your business, improve finance, or require advisory offerings on tax and neighbourhood compliance subjects – our experts can help navigate you through quickly, as and when wished.
In case you cannot manage to pay for ongoing CFO offerings or do not see the want to keep one, you don’t need to. Our CFO outsourcing offerings are available for one-time projects as accurately. You may lease our CFO experts as and while wished.
Our CFO services can boost your Profitability and Cashflow.
AM Audit can provide the management and right movements to generate the outcomes you need.
It is essential for any CFO to first look at the aim of any business correctly before making any cash management guidelines. An expert financial officer in UAE will offer special techniques to make the organization more worthwhile after searching for viable perspectives.
We offer expert CFO outsourcing offerings with experts who understand the fragility of their careers. We’ve devised very excessive standards for choosing our CFO experts to provide our clients with the first-class offerings’ custom-designed to their specific needs.
We will provide this service at a cost-effective charge to start-ups trying to position a price range procedure, new structures, and medium-sized firms searching out a finance team restructure, trying to raise debt or fairness capital or ERP machine implementation.
We provide our potential customers a charge-free consultation to explore their current and future requirements.
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2020.09.23 11:15 sterlin718 How Much Does A Custom Website Cost?

Dependant on your geographical location - whether you're on the west coast of the nation in California, Washington or Oregon, on the east coast - such as in New York, Florida or Maryland - or somewhere centered among - for instance, in Texas, Chicago or Michigan - the expense of a web site can vary from city to city, and from state to state.
No Pickles Web Hosting and Design
No Pickles Web Hosting and Design, based in Grass Valley, CA, offers website prices starting at $395.
By the publish date of this informative article, No Pickles Web Hosting currently has a total of 10 custom web site designs featured in their case studies page. If you'd like to review these sites, make sure to check out Capture Sites, A Total Web Solution Company
Another example of simply how much the full from-scratch website might cost arises from Capture Sites, which really is a total web solution company. From their website, they mention that there surely is no project too large or small. Their web site design prices start at $299. And with such a low cost, they state that you can't go wrong.
One of their recent testimonials arises from a woman by the name of Betty Guevera who said that she'd an emblem designed and loved it. Way to go, Capture Sites! You've made Betty Guevera a pleased customer!
salon templates, the very best templates for stylish salons
Our final review arises from salon templates, who offer the very best templates for stylish salons. Now, in the beginning glance, you may be thinking the corporation only offers template websites, and doesn't offer personalized web services. Well, if you made this assumption, you're wrong! Salon Templates offers personalized websites with prices starting at $1,000. In the event that you run a salon and would like more information, simply use the proper execution on their website, salon templates
So Many Prices - How Do I Choose?
Many folks are overwhelmed with the purchase price spectrum from company to company. They'll be offered a personalized website for $299, and then another at $395, and finally the last offer of $1,000. So, how have you any idea who to decide on, and simply how much a personalized domain should certainly cost you?
As we all know, the typical business man holds on to his hard earned money very tightly. He's not prepared to release his cash very easily. When someone experimented with take this businessman's hard earned money, I'm sure a serious tussle would follow. So, to be able to distinguish between a great price, and a unworthy website design price, it is in addition crucial to figure out the typical cost of a web site design.There are many equations which will offer How to Create Website in 2020 you the typical cost of website design, but you'll not require any of those silly equations.
One way to find out the typical cost of a web site is to create your custom website design project on bidding sites, such as o Desk and e Lance.
o Desk Provides Custom Website Design
o Desk is one of many largest platforms for independent contractors looking for web and graphic work. If you'd like to learn the typical cost for a good design, simply develop a free account on o Desk, add a verified payment method (you won't be billed) in order that contractors will get you seriously and actually place bids for the project, and finally weigh out your results. It is in addition crucial to add a verified payment method because many o Desk workers have already been scammed in the past by false ads and projects that are abruptly canceled or discontinued. These days, it's problematic for an o Desk worker to trust employers on the o Desk site, which is why many will filter the employers who do not need a verified payment method on file. Adding a payment method takes 1 minute (simply key in the amounts of your card, expiration and CVV code), your billing address and you're all set. A small step such as verifying your payment method allows you to get 10 times more proposals for the project than if you're to create a project without verification.
After posting a project and verifying your payment method, simply wait several hours and log back to your o Desk account. You will find many offers coming from various elements of the world for the custom website design project. At that time, you'll intelligently manage to decide what the typical cost is for the custom website design project, in addition to other important details such as estimated completion date, cost, hosting and maintenance requirements and more.
eL ance, A World of Talent Ready To Work
Another good source for discovering the typical costs of custom web development is e Lance. Very similar to o Desk, e Lance allows you a better amount of customization and organization for the project. However, exactly like o Desk, it is in addition crucial to post a project in addition to add a verified payment method in order that contractors get you seriously. It'll cost you an additional $5 to verify your payment method, but don't worry. This $5 is automatically refunded back in the proper execution of a credit. So really, you're not paying anything at all for custom website design project bids from contractors all around the world.
I've Been Scammed In The Past By Custom Website Design Companies
If you've been scammed in the past by custom website design companies, I'm really sorry! Designers and design companies often run into scam artists as well, so unfortunately that is one facet of doing business that's inevitable, whether it's offline or online business. However, do not allow your past negative experiences affect your future decisions at deciding who to decide on and where you should choose your custom website design. Always remember that the price of your custom website design will fluctuate because the customization requirements of one's project increase and decrease.
Custom Website Cost Calculator
One of the best tools I've find undoubtedly for determining simply how much a custom website design will surely cost, is Design Quote's Web Design Calculator.
You can calculate the expense of simply how much your custom website will surely cost using factors such as:
Are you experiencing an existing website? Do you'll need a basic blog site? Do you'll need a simple template based type site? Do you'll need a completely custom site? (this is the choice you'd choose, if you'll need a custom professional site) They might also ask questions such as:
Will you need admin features, such as off the shelf site blog?
Do you'll need a custom site blog? Custom Content Manager? Photo Gallery? Member Administration? In addition they offer you custom calculations predicated on whether you're trying to hire a professional website design form, a tiny custom website design firm or freelancer, or a student or offshore worker. So, spend minutes using the custom website cost calculator for a better concept of simply how much a custom website may cost.
The Cost of Websites
Keep in mind that the expense of websites, unlike the US national debt, is NOT on the rise fortunately. The cost of website remains exactly the same, and actually is on a regular slope of decreasing. By the season 2020, every newborn baby will have a domain registered in his or her name, and all custom website design is going to be free. Hurray!
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2020.09.23 03:00 FlyMeToTheMoonFlyAwa Resume Help-Cybersecurity and Digital Forensics student

I am a current student studying cybersecurity and digital forensics. I am actively applying for cybersecurity/forensics internships. Please let me know what you think and how I can improve my resume for those positions. I have recently complete a Udemy course for Net+ and I am soon going to be taking the Net+ exam.



Name
City of residence Phone number email
Linkedin
Objective: To obtain an internship in the area of cybersecurity that will utilize my acquired skills and knowledge in the Information Technology and Cybersecurity
College
Bachelor’s in Science, Computer Networks and Cybersecurity September 2020 to December 2021
College, City, State
Bachelor’s in Science, Information Technology January2018-August 2020
Community College, City, State
Associates in Applied Science, Information Technology,
Information Assurance and Digital Forensics August 2015-December 2017
Skills
Operating Systems: Apple OSX/Snow Leopard, IOS, Windows 8, 10, XP
Software: Forensic Tool Kit, WinHex, Foot Prints Ticketing System, Microsoft Office
Work Experience
IT Support Technician, Internship May 2017-July 2017
Company, City, State
• Communicated effectively with technology users of every skill level.
• Supported a wireless network with over nine hundred users.
• Assisted in installing network infrastructure and moving a network closet.
• Worked effectively with partners to wire rooms for up-to-date multimedia use.
Information Systems Technician November 2016-June 2017
Compnay, City, City, State Promoted to part time from intern due to performance.
• Coached and mentored interns on use of technical systems as well as quality customer service.
Information Systems Technician, Internship August 2016-November 2016
• Worked directly with clients to troubleshoot and solve technology issues.
• Processed & updated tickets, resolved client issues in satisfactory & timely manner.
• Utilized multi-tasking and time management to maximize the number of customers helped.
Information Support Systems Technician, Internship January 2017-May 2017
Company, City, State
• Participated collaboratively in group projects to image, deploy & install new Windows desktops and laptops.
• Quickly learned how to repair devices so that I could independently troubleshoot them.
• Assisted school engineer in maintaining & inventorying devices for all students in the school.
Extracurricular Activities
College Competitive Cyber club
Intelligence Community club
University Studies
When The Lights Go Out in The City: The Cyber Attacks on the Ukrainian Power Grid
A paper on the methods, effects and source of the cyber attacks on the Ukranian power grid in 2015 &2016.
submitted by FlyMeToTheMoonFlyAwa to ITCareerQuestions [link] [comments]


2020.09.23 02:09 joshuadwx [Lowest Price Yet] PowerPort Atom PD 4, ONLY $68.99!

Anker's most powerful desktop charger is currently on sale for just $68.99 with code MKAKPPAC... the lowest cost to date!

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https://preview.redd.it/d75v1rwypqo51.png?width=1041&format=png&auto=webp&s=f64d0c25953cdbd6c1c3a7de6d6b8a8bf3709e24
Features & details
submitted by joshuadwx to anker [link] [comments]


2020.09.22 21:36 cmwgimp Microsoft 365 Apps - Disable Dictate Function

I am unable to find a way to disable the Dictate function provided in Microsoft 365 apps. This is not tied to the OS Speech settings.
https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/office/dictate-your-documents-in-word-3876e05f-3fcc-418f-b8ab-db7ce0d11d3c
I have found things that say you need to disable "Office Intelligent Services" from Options. That doesn't exist.
https://www.forbes.com/sites/kevinmurnane/2018/07/06/microsoft-adds-dictation-to-some-of-the-apps-in-its-office-suite
We have up-to-date ADMX templates installed. I can find no way to disable this Dictate "feature," which is not HIPAA compliant.
We are running Enterprise Monthly Channel of Microsoft 365 apps. Version 2006 (13001.20520)
submitted by cmwgimp to sysadmin [link] [comments]


2020.09.22 11:26 emailout B2C Email Marketing Examples: How To Improve Your B2C Email Marketing

B2C Email Marketing Examples: How To Improve Your B2C Email Marketing

77% of B2C customers prefer email to any other marketing channel. Moreover, B2C marketers that take advantage of marketing automation witness conversion rates as high as 50%. Ah, and 80% of B2C marketers use email to nurture their audiences.

B2C email marketing is an indispensable strategy every email marketer must have in their marketing arsenal. It helps nurture leads from prospects to paying customers. However, achieving high results and a better ROI requires an effective B2C email marketing strategy.

“Whether it’s B2B or B2C email marketing, we passionately believe that good email marketing fundamentals are the same. We are all emotional beings looking for relevance, context and connection.” – EmailOut
Email drives results. The proof: email marketing has an impressive ROI of 42:1. However, do you know what email campaign to send to whom and when? The answer to this question is essential to achieve a successful B2C email marketing strategy. If you deliver highly personalised email campaigns (ones that educate, give something of value and convert) to your subscribers, you’ll make them feel like they matter to you and you know who they are, what they want and when they want it. In return, they will not only convert into paying customers but also, recommend your products/services to others consequently increasing your revenue.

In this article, we’ll cover the following topics on B2C email marketing:

  1. What is B2C email marketing?
  2. Key differences between B2C and B2B email marketing
  3. B2C email marketing best practice
  4. B2C email marketing examples
Ready to dive in?
To deliver efficient B2C email marketing campaigns, you need to understand what B2C email marketing is all about, how it is different from B2B email marketing, what best practice to use and the perfect B2C email marketing examples.

The Nature of B2C Email Marketing

Business-to-consumer or B2C marketing refers to any marketing concept, tactic or strategy where a company promotes its products/services directly to individual consumers. While B2C email marketing focuses on the emotion-driven purchase decision process, B2B email marketing focuses on logical process-driven purchase decisions.
B2C email marketing targets the needs, interests and requirements of people whose purchase decisions are directly made by the consumers themselves. Unlike B2B email marketing where the purchase is made on behalf of or for a business.
B2C email marketing is considerably different from B2B as the products/services promoted, and consequently the email content, vastly differ depending on the targeted audience. Yet, both email marketing strategies have similar conversion-focused goals.
https://preview.redd.it/h5caj83j3oo51.png?width=1024&format=png&auto=webp&s=cfeddda11c3911fdabe032372dff4298156c19ca

Here’s what the B2C email marketing stats are saying –

a) 59% of consumers state marketing emails influence their purchase decision-making;
b) 80% of B2C customers utilise email marketing campaigns to nurture their audiences;
c) B2C marketers adopting marketing automation witness conversion rates as high as 50%;
d) 39% of B2C businesses distribute personalised product/service recommendations to their subscribers via email;
e) consumers check personal emails for an average of 5 hours each weekday;
f) the most commonly used type of automated marketing emails is the ‘welcome’ email, used by 58% of B2C marketers;
g) the other types of marketing emails used by B2C marketers are event emails (55%), promotional emails (52%) and newsletters (48%);
h) the perfect days of the week to send B2C emails are Tuesday and Thursday;
i) Saturdays have the highest conversion rate for B2C emails;
j) Fridays have the highest open rate than any other weekday, including the weekend; and
k) email has an ROI of 42:1.

The Difference Between B2C and B2B Email Marketing

B2C and B2B email marketing may have the same goals – communicating with customers, promoting products/services and effectively guiding prospects through the buying cycle. However, there are a few key differences between B2C and B2B email campaigns email marketers must keep in mind to maximise their email marketing ROI.
B2C email marketing presents both different opportunities and challenges than its counterpart B2B email marketing. Hence, a B2C email marketing strategy must be approached in a completely different way in all areas – from email design and content through target audience to delivery.
https://preview.redd.it/pntj46nk3oo51.png?width=1024&format=png&auto=webp&s=00ed7e4efc4e819e568b98805ad6d6fec9299de9
B2C email marketing’s main goal is to convince people to purchase products/services for their personal use. However, when purchasing goods/services for themselves rather than a business, the purchasing decision process is based on different criteria such as –
a) perceived value and evoked emotion – rather than considering the price, B2C consumers focus on how valuable a purchase would be and how it makes them feel;
b) brand loyalty – with B2C consumers brand loyalty plays a major role, unlike B2B where brands matter less. After all, certain brands offer values such as comfort, exclusivity, success, etc. all of which are feelings B2C consumers want to identify with; and
c) emotions instead of features – contradictory to B2B clients, B2C ones do not base their purchase motivations on logic, financial incentives or calculated decisions. They base it on emotions – how a purchase will make the buyer feel (or look) instead of the features of the product/service.
Maximising your email marketing ROI is often a time-consuming and Herculean job. However, if you know the four key differences between B2B and B2C email marketing, achieving your strategic goals will feel like a walk in the park.

1) The Buying Cycle

B2B: the buying cycle usually takes longer to convert prospects into leads and consequently into customers since you have to impress and convince a diverse range of people before a purchase decision is reached. Such a lengthy buying cycle where the result – a purchase – is accomplished can only be achieved by strategically dripping content over an extended time period.
B2C: the buying cycle is shorter since your B2C email marketing campaigns are directly addressing a targeted audience and focusing on the consumers’ more emotional and impulsive nature. The B2C decision-making process does not involve outside opinions as the consumer is making the purchase decision himself/herself. The B2C sales funnel targets a specific audience and involve only four steps –
1) opening the email, 2) clicking on the call-to-action (CTA), 3) being redirected to a landing page, and 4) completing a purchase.

2) The Tone

B2B: with B2B email campaigns the tone of voice tends to be more professional, objective, results-oriented and factual. In these email campaigns, marketers emphasise on the financial benefits of a product/service and letting the recipients know precisely what value they are getting for their money. The use of a more technical, industry-specific wording is often more appropriate rather than the casual, friendly tone in B2C emails.
B2C: with B2C email campaigns the tone of voice is more personal, casual even, and the wording is relatable and easy to comprehend. Often, B2C emails create urgency which targets the recipients’ emotional triggers.

3) The Content

B2B: the consumers’ response rate to B2B email marketing campaigns isn’t quite as quick and immediate as with B2C emails since the buying cycle with B2B is longer. In addition to designing a campaign with a non-promotional, educational content (like whitepapers or case studies), email marketers should also focus their email’s content on the industry’s pain points and place the sender (you) as the go-to source for solutions.
B2C: consumers’ responses to B2C email marketing campaigns are usually immediate and based on emotions. Thus, it’s imperative for your B2C email to communicate the value of your product/service quickly and definitively, as well as, to ensure your call-to-action (CTA) is optimised efficiently. Make sure your B2C email content creates a sense of urgency that prompts an immediate response. However, to do that, you first need to know your audience – what are their needs and interests, what motivates them, how can your content help them improve their skills, etc. If your B2C email content is not hitting all the right spots with its amazing value to the recipients, they will not come even close to responding to the call-to-action.

4) The Timing

B2B: Normal people, a.k.a 9-to-5 office workers, usually don’t check B2B emails at home. Thus, if your targeted audience is made up of such recipients, then the optimal time to send would be within business hours and advisably mid-week. Though, if your email list consists primarily of entrepreneurs and ‘workaholics’ (both tend to check their emails all day, every day), the weekend might also be an option to reach them.
B2C: Consumers, a.k.a people who don’t compulsively check their emails and sit in front of Gmail all day Monday through Friday, typically check B2C emails post-work. According to research, over 25% of marketing emails are opened in the post-work peak (from 5 to 7 p.m.) time, with other stats pointing out that consumers check personal emails for an average of 2.5 hours each weekday. Furthermore, various studies point out that the best days of the week for sending B2C email blasts are Tuesday and Thursday. However, people receive the most amount of emails mid-week. Therefore, if you want to have less competition in the consumers’ inbox, consider sending your B2C email campaign on other days of the week.
Even though these sending times and days are quite a useful starting point, testing is the most effective method of determining the optimal email sending times for your particular business and industry sector. Also, reports and analytics from a professional email marketing platform will be particularly useful for identifying the perfect time and the most optimal day to send your B2C email campaigns. Why? Because a sophisticated reporting system will give you a time and date stamp making sending your B2C email marketing blast at the right time on the right day extremely easy in future.

B2C Email Marketing Best Practice

Do you know how to provide value to your subscribers? As email marketers, you already have a B2C email marketing strategy in place. However, with some tweaks and the use of top B2C email marketing best practice, you can ensure your B2C email campaign delivers value to your subscribers. Hence, before revealing the top B2C email marketing examples, here are the top five best practices for you to implement.

1) Data and Segmentation

By regularly monitoring the ongoing behaviour of your recipients, you will gain the market intelligence to make decisions and changes to your strategy based on the recipients’ likes, dislikes, engagement and, most importantly, buyer behaviour. This process will help you build highly-targeted B2C email marketing campaigns which are based on your subscribers’ activity.
Secondly, since your consumers are at different stages of the buying cycle, email list segmentation is essential. Your B2C email campaigns should approach them with different targeted messages depending on the stage they are at.
Last, but certainly not least, if you cannot collect the above data from the get-go, make sure to gather at least the basic info such as email address and first name for the minimum of personalisation. Landing page data is also useful for future segmentation as it would help you get a better idea of your subscribers’ interests and needs so you have an indication of the product or service they are interested in.
For example, if a client clicked on product X on landing page X then you can use that data to tailor a B2C email based on that specific buyer behaviour. For instance, Jane was looking for anniversary gifts and visited that specific gift section on your website resulting in her making a purchase.
Once you have the basics, you can plan a strategy about collecting additional data that will help your specific business in its goals – competitions and surveys are good ways for gathering further data with the promise of a time-limited percentage discount coupon encouraging subscribers to participate. This will also give you trigger points to communicate with subscribers about their specific requirements in future.

2) Personalisation

Personalising your emails is an essential part of any (and all) email marketing campaigns. It is also the best way to ensure conversions. Personalised emails get 6 times higher transaction rates, boost open rates by 26% and revenue is almost 18 times higher. Once you’ve segmented your email lists, you will be able to create and deliver even more highly-personalised B2C email campaigns based on your subscribers’ interests, preferences, location, age, gender, buying cycle stage, occupation, etc.
The three main elements of a highly-personalised B2C email campaign are –
a) relevant content – creating buyer personas will help you nail this one,
b) perfect timing – should you send daily, weekly or monthly, and
c) personalisation – are you going to buy a Prada bag from John Doe or from Prada Italy which you recently signed up for? B2C clients’ expectation (at minimum) is for brands to address them by their name. However, a successful B2C email campaign goes beyond the subscribers’ first name. You need to ensure the content you deliver is specifically tailored to the subscribers’ interest, likes, needs and preferences. Take Amazon for example. Their product recommendations based on consumers “shopping trends and browsing history” are commonplace. Netflix is yet another example of offering highly-personalised content to customers with their “top picks for [Customer Name]” or “because you watched [movie name]”. Remember, B2C clients buy from brands.
Ah, and don’t forget, your content must – without a doubt – appeal to the consumers’ emotion. After all, their purchase decision is motivated by what they feel.

3) Design and Mobile optimisation

While B2B customers are accustomed to text-heavy, minimalistic designed email campaigns, B2C consumers are completely different. The latter, prefer simplistic, easy to navigate, text-light emails with one clear call-to-action. Thus, use design to your advantage. From relevant imagery and educational videos to bold text and font colour, make sure your B2C email campaign is eye-catching, creates a sense of urgency, delivers value, appeals to the consumers’ emotions and, most of all, that it is easy to navigate (I know I said it already but it bears repeating).
Lastly, don’t forget to optimise your B2C email campaigns for the small screen. All of the stats I’ve come across show that B2C emails get 47.8% more opens on mobile than B2B emails. Hence, your B2C emails must be optimised for the small screen. If they are not, you risk lower conversion rates and consequently, a substantial decrease in revenue.

4) Subject lines and call-to-action (CTA)

The few words in your subject line are the first thing recipients see. It’s the make-it or break-it moment for your B2C email campaign. According to stats, 47% of recipients open emails based on the subject line alone. Therefore, make sure you’ve crafted the perfect short, compelling and personalised subject line that’ll leave the recipients with no other option but to open your B2C email since they are dying with curiosity to find out what the email content will reveal. Also, remember that the optimal length for a subject line is 43 characters; with a maximum length of 60 characters.
Now, let’s turn our attention to the call-to-action (CTA). I know you want to make sure the recipients take action when interacting with your email. However, remember that overwhelming them with tons of different CTAs will do more harm than good. In the end, they’ll probably ignore the entire email and do absolutely nothing at all. Instead, focus on crafting one clear, prominent and perfectly placed CTA allowing your targeted audience to focus on your email’s content and consequently on one action.

5) Preferences

76% of brands send B2C emails according to a frequency determined by the business itself. Yet, only 24% of consumers state they agree, and prefer, for a business to predetermine how often the brand communicates with them. However, 49% of consumers strongly prefer to sign up for brands’ email lists where they can choose what emails to receive and when.
As much as a business’s ego can be bruised by a consumer unsubscribing, it does happen. Don’t keep your subscribers hostage if they want to leave. Instead, include both an unsubscribe link (which is a legal requirement) and a preference centre link in your B2C emails. Give consumers the option to make a choice be it unsubscribing, changing the frequency of your brand’s emails or the type of email they receive from you (i.e. special offers, newsletter, events, webinars, blog updates, etc.).

B2C Email Marketing Examples

If you’re wondering what sort of B2C emails to send, here are seven B2C email marketing examples that, if implemented correctly, will help you engage, convert and provide value for your consumers.

1) Welcome emails

These introductory messages are email marketers’ first chance to make a great impression on new subscribers by introducing their company and how their products/services can deliver value. You’ve heard the phrase ‘love at first sight’, right? Well, by crafting an effective onboarding email series, you’ll ensure that “the love” will happen even at second sight; and why not at third sight, too.
https://preview.redd.it/wdawu7qn3oo51.png?width=203&format=png&auto=webp&s=710ef0d5e16a17ee6307ff4f88ccc457ef3c1230
https://preview.redd.it/vhbvqgbo3oo51.png?width=596&format=png&auto=webp&s=8a4d8d115d56c06543d6768014de64bf96d9485d

2) Purchase confirmation emails

Transactional emails such as these present email marketers with an opportunity to seize the momentum of a recent purchase. Thus, give the consumer information about their purchase/order; and, use the opportunity to engage them further by either offering similar products/services or asking for their feedback on related products/services. Utilising this type of email is proven to generate 8 times more opens and click-throughs and 6 times more revenue.
https://preview.redd.it/glswcudp3oo51.png?width=498&format=png&auto=webp&s=363e03f90db223e319d65edc3ca94af55c92d38e
https://preview.redd.it/zf7e9g4q3oo51.png?width=614&format=png&auto=webp&s=500b22939435d79fc52adb4a4a2afaeb3367cb07

3) Shipping/order confirmation emails

How often do you ‘track’ a purchase once you’ve received the confirmation email? With these emails, brands can keep consumers in the loop regarding their order’s delivery and any other related updates. By including a couple of key elements and adding a bit of creativity, these transactional emails will help you build customer loyalty, improve on your brand’s post-purchase customer experience and make your brand easily distinguishable.
https://preview.redd.it/t18ztnyq3oo51.png?width=360&format=png&auto=webp&s=ce6aab3bffa7b3c09c7406e90605137636e9b429
https://preview.redd.it/18d7vygr3oo51.png?width=361&format=png&auto=webp&s=74f79ff45f62022e3488d388e2a33c91189ddd86

4) Cart abandonment emails

Email marketers utilise this type of email to ‘inspire’ consumers who didn’t complete their buying process to do so. Why not encourage them by offering a one-time discount on their first-time purchase? According to stats, 81% of purchases made online are the result of targeted B2C email campaigns. Considering 75% of online shoppers leave websites without completing a purchase, these emails are a perfect opportunity to tip the scales in your favour.
https://preview.redd.it/4t1glmds3oo51.png?width=288&format=png&auto=webp&s=750189bcd4d7c5bfaa215ec8c6f8ad3c17419770
https://preview.redd.it/uzvb1aws3oo51.png?width=484&format=png&auto=webp&s=373203816ebbfed5523e68115d3a2eb740dd0c39

5) Reminder emails

Businesses use these emails to reconnect with consumers at meaningful times of the buying cycle and remind them of the value their products/services can bring.
https://preview.redd.it/ob6bg5ot3oo51.png?width=512&format=png&auto=webp&s=a092fc4ad6fd891bbd1f2d90970aa0f5d6763e26
https://preview.redd.it/4u9km1gu3oo51.png?width=366&format=png&auto=webp&s=7ed4ec7b283721bf681369436a41c2ac1bb01d6a

6) Birthdays and Anniversary emails

With these milestone emails, brands can leverage personalisation and ensure each consumer feels special by awarding them a tailor-made offer.
https://preview.redd.it/ize6f86v3oo51.png?width=311&format=png&auto=webp&s=fe3214ed29b588e9a4afaa30981b717c311b78e0
https://preview.redd.it/v0hg95rv3oo51.png?width=370&format=png&auto=webp&s=ad26f32e811a34ace311980b07ccc519e76567d9
https://preview.redd.it/uh9jkq5w3oo51.png?width=382&format=png&auto=webp&s=1715daec2385989bc3f68753240e46c86f186d81


7) Re-engagement emails (or win-back emails)

If the subscribers on your email lists aren’t as active and engaged as they should or could be, don’t just dismiss them. Instead, try to re-engage inactive subscribers by giving them an email-exclusive offer, providing valuable advice or asking for their feedback/opinion. Moreover, stats point out that 45% of recipients who receive re-engagement emails will read subsequent emails from that brand.
https://preview.redd.it/7u5neyxw3oo51.png?width=430&format=png&auto=webp&s=dee5d888dccb5026c6c1933bd73a4cf796dbc10c
https://preview.redd.it/te9ytojx3oo51.png?width=536&format=png&auto=webp&s=43c13b87698cb3ecf9ece5e7020ea8e315468e0c

Final Thoughts

Businesses that prioritise email marketing not only achieve more success but also, better customer engagement and retention; as well as, brand awareness. B2C email marketing is not only the perfect way to communicate with your consumers. It is also a powerful approach to drive more revenue.
There are numerous differences between B2B and B2C email marketing. But the main one is your targeted audience. For a successful B2C email marketing strategy, you need to know your consumers – what they like, what they are interested in and what they’re looking for in their buyer journey. Make sure you are carefully evaluating what resonates with your audience; and, design your B2C email campaigns so that they cater to your consumers’ needs. Show that you respect them and provide them with email preference options. Utilise the data you’ve gathered to design highly-personalised B2C email campaigns that convert.
The three essential things to keep in mind before you even start crafting your B2C email campaigns is to have a strategy to collect the right data from them, design your B2C email campaign so it plays on the recipients’ emotions and not their logical side, and always optimise your email campaigns for the small screen.
Now that you know the difference between B2B and B2C email marketing, what B2C email marketing best practice is and has seen powerful B2C email marketing examples, you can implement all you’ve learnt into your next B2C email campaign. Are you ready to begin?

Highly recommended further reading –

1) Email Marketing Automation 2) Email Marketing and Content Marketing 3) Email Personalisation 4) Email Design Best Practices 5) Optimise Your Email For The Small Screen 6) Email Marketing Automation
*The B2C email marketing examples used in this article have been sourced from Really Good Emails.
submitted by emailout to Emailmarketing [link] [comments]


2020.09.22 11:22 emailout B2C Email Marketing Examples: How To Improve Your B2C Email Marketing

B2C Email Marketing Examples: How To Improve Your B2C Email Marketing

77% of B2C customers prefer email to any other marketing channel. Moreover, B2C marketers that take advantage of marketing automation witness conversion rates as high as 50%. Ah, and 80% of B2C marketers use email to nurture their audiences.

B2C email marketing is an indispensable strategy every email marketer must have in their marketing arsenal. It helps nurture leads from prospects to paying customers. However, achieving high results and a better ROI requires an effective B2C email marketing strategy.

“Whether it’s B2B or B2C email marketing, we passionately believe that good email marketing fundamentals are the same. We are all emotional beings looking for relevance, context and connection.” – EmailOut
Email drives results. The proof: email marketing has an impressive ROI of 42:1. However, do you know what email campaign to send to whom and when? The answer to this question is essential to achieve a successful B2C email marketing strategy. If you deliver highly personalised email campaigns (ones that educate, give something of value and convert) to your subscribers, you’ll make them feel like they matter to you and you know who they are, what they want and when they want it. In return, they will not only convert into paying customers but also, recommend your products/services to others consequently increasing your revenue.

In this article, we’ll cover the following topics on B2C email marketing:

  1. What is B2C email marketing?
  2. Key differences between B2C and B2B email marketing
  3. B2C email marketing best practice
  4. B2C email marketing examples
Ready to dive in?
To deliver efficient B2C email marketing campaigns, you need to understand what B2C email marketing is all about, how it is different from B2B email marketing, what best practice to use and the perfect B2C email marketing examples.

The Nature of B2C Email Marketing

Business-to-consumer or B2C marketing refers to any marketing concept, tactic or strategy where a company promotes its products/services directly to individual consumers. While B2C email marketing focuses on the emotion-driven purchase decision process, B2B email marketing focuses on logical process-driven purchase decisions.
B2C email marketing targets the needs, interests and requirements of people whose purchase decisions are directly made by the consumers themselves. Unlike B2B email marketing where the purchase is made on behalf of or for a business.
B2C email marketing is considerably different from B2B as the products/services promoted, and consequently the email content, vastly differ depending on the targeted audience. Yet, both email marketing strategies have similar conversion-focused goals.
https://preview.redd.it/hoxl8uqk2oo51.png?width=1024&format=png&auto=webp&s=380820196f4c63e3185ba16856644014018c2e61

Here’s what the B2C email marketing stats are saying –

a) 59% of consumers state marketing emails influence their purchase decision-making;
b) 80% of B2C customers utilise email marketing campaigns to nurture their audiences;
c) B2C marketers adopting marketing automation witness conversion rates as high as 50%;
d) 39% of B2C businesses distribute personalised product/service recommendations to their subscribers via email;
e) consumers check personal emails for an average of 5 hours each weekday;
f) the most commonly used type of automated marketing emails is the ‘welcome’ email, used by 58% of B2C marketers;
g) the other types of marketing emails used by B2C marketers are event emails (55%), promotional emails (52%) and newsletters (48%);
h) the perfect days of the week to send B2C emails are Tuesday and Thursday;
i) Saturdays have the highest conversion rate for B2C emails;
j) Fridays have the highest open rate than any other weekday, including the weekend; and
k) email has an ROI of 42:1.

The Difference Between B2C and B2B Email Marketing

B2C and B2B email marketing may have the same goals – communicating with customers, promoting products/services and effectively guiding prospects through the buying cycle. However, there are a few key differences between B2C and B2B email campaigns email marketers must keep in mind to maximise their email marketing ROI.
B2C email marketing presents both different opportunities and challenges than its counterpart B2B email marketing. Hence, a B2C email marketing strategy must be approached in a completely different way in all areas – from email design and content through target audience to delivery.
https://preview.redd.it/m7thfm8m2oo51.png?width=1024&format=png&auto=webp&s=6712a3747cbcffd8f7b982fbeaeb4139b9c94abc
B2C email marketing’s main goal is to convince people to purchase products/services for their personal use. However, when purchasing goods/services for themselves rather than a business, the purchasing decision process is based on different criteria such as –
a) perceived value and evoked emotion – rather than considering the price, B2C consumers focus on how valuable a purchase would be and how it makes them feel;
b) brand loyalty – with B2C consumers brand loyalty plays a major role, unlike B2B where brands matter less. After all, certain brands offer values such as comfort, exclusivity, success, etc. all of which are feelings B2C consumers want to identify with; and
c) emotions instead of features – contradictory to B2B clients, B2C ones do not base their purchase motivations on logic, financial incentives or calculated decisions. They base it on emotions – how a purchase will make the buyer feel (or look) instead of the features of the product/service.
Maximising your email marketing ROI is often a time-consuming and Herculean job. However, if you know the four key differences between B2B and B2C email marketing, achieving your strategic goals will feel like a walk in the park.

1) The Buying Cycle

B2B: the buying cycle usually takes longer to convert prospects into leads and consequently into customers since you have to impress and convince a diverse range of people before a purchase decision is reached. Such a lengthy buying cycle where the result – a purchase – is accomplished can only be achieved by strategically dripping content over an extended time period.
B2C: the buying cycle is shorter since your B2C email marketing campaigns are directly addressing a targeted audience and focusing on the consumers’ more emotional and impulsive nature. The B2C decision-making process does not involve outside opinions as the consumer is making the purchase decision himself/herself. The B2C sales funnel targets a specific audience and involve only four steps –
1) opening the email, 2) clicking on the call-to-action (CTA), 3) being redirected to a landing page, and 4) completing a purchase.

2) The Tone

B2B: with B2B email campaigns the tone of voice tends to be more professional, objective, results-oriented and factual. In these email campaigns, marketers emphasise on the financial benefits of a product/service and letting the recipients know precisely what value they are getting for their money. The use of a more technical, industry-specific wording is often more appropriate rather than the casual, friendly tone in B2C emails.
B2C: with B2C email campaigns the tone of voice is more personal, casual even, and the wording is relatable and easy to comprehend. Often, B2C emails create urgency which targets the recipients’ emotional triggers.

3) The Content

B2B: the consumers’ response rate to B2B email marketing campaigns isn’t quite as quick and immediate as with B2C emails since the buying cycle with B2B is longer. In addition to designing a campaign with a non-promotional, educational content (like whitepapers or case studies), email marketers should also focus their email’s content on the industry’s pain points and place the sender (you) as the go-to source for solutions.
B2C: consumers’ responses to B2C email marketing campaigns are usually immediate and based on emotions. Thus, it’s imperative for your B2C email to communicate the value of your product/service quickly and definitively, as well as, to ensure your call-to-action (CTA) is optimised efficiently. Make sure your B2C email content creates a sense of urgency that prompts an immediate response. However, to do that, you first need to know your audience – what are their needs and interests, what motivates them, how can your content help them improve their skills, etc. If your B2C email content is not hitting all the right spots with its amazing value to the recipients, they will not come even close to responding to the call-to-action.

4) The Timing

B2B: Normal people, a.k.a 9-to-5 office workers, usually don’t check B2B emails at home. Thus, if your targeted audience is made up of such recipients, then the optimal time to send would be within business hours and advisably mid-week. Though, if your email list consists primarily of entrepreneurs and ‘workaholics’ (both tend to check their emails all day, every day), the weekend might also be an option to reach them.
B2C: Consumers, a.k.a people who don’t compulsively check their emails and sit in front of Gmail all day Monday through Friday, typically check B2C emails post-work. According to research, over 25% of marketing emails are opened in the post-work peak (from 5 to 7 p.m.) time, with other stats pointing out that consumers check personal emails for an average of 2.5 hours each weekday. Furthermore, various studies point out that the best days of the week for sending B2C email blasts are Tuesday and Thursday. However, people receive the most amount of emails mid-week. Therefore, if you want to have less competition in the consumers’ inbox, consider sending your B2C email campaign on other days of the week.
Even though these sending times and days are quite a useful starting point, testing is the most effective method of determining the optimal email sending times for your particular business and industry sector. Also, reports and analytics from a professional email marketing platform will be particularly useful for identifying the perfect time and the most optimal day to send your B2C email campaigns. Why? Because a sophisticated reporting system will give you a time and date stamp making sending your B2C email marketing blast at the right time on the right day extremely easy in future.

B2C Email Marketing Best Practice

Do you know how to provide value to your subscribers? As email marketers, you already have a B2C email marketing strategy in place. However, with some tweaks and the use of top B2C email marketing best practice, you can ensure your B2C email campaign delivers value to your subscribers. Hence, before revealing the top B2C email marketing examples, here are the top five best practices for you to implement.

1) Data and Segmentation

By regularly monitoring the ongoing behaviour of your recipients, you will gain the market intelligence to make decisions and changes to your strategy based on the recipients’ likes, dislikes, engagement and, most importantly, buyer behaviour. This process will help you build highly-targeted B2C email marketing campaigns which are based on your subscribers’ activity.
Secondly, since your consumers are at different stages of the buying cycle, email list segmentation is essential. Your B2C email campaigns should approach them with different targeted messages depending on the stage they are at.
Last, but certainly not least, if you cannot collect the above data from the get-go, make sure to gather at least the basic info such as email address and first name for the minimum of personalisation. Landing page data is also useful for future segmentation as it would help you get a better idea of your subscribers’ interests and needs so you have an indication of the product or service they are interested in.
For example, if a client clicked on product X on landing page X then you can use that data to tailor a B2C email based on that specific buyer behaviour. For instance, Jane was looking for anniversary gifts and visited that specific gift section on your website resulting in her making a purchase.
Once you have the basics, you can plan a strategy about collecting additional data that will help your specific business in its goals – competitions and surveys are good ways for gathering further data with the promise of a time-limited percentage discount coupon encouraging subscribers to participate. This will also give you trigger points to communicate with subscribers about their specific requirements in future.

2) Personalisation

Personalising your emails is an essential part of any (and all) email marketing campaigns. It is also the best way to ensure conversions. Personalised emails get 6 times higher transaction rates, boost open rates by 26% and revenue is almost 18 times higher. Once you’ve segmented your email lists, you will be able to create and deliver even more highly-personalised B2C email campaigns based on your subscribers’ interests, preferences, location, age, gender, buying cycle stage, occupation, etc.
The three main elements of a highly-personalised B2C email campaign are –
a) relevant content – creating buyer personas will help you nail this one,
b) perfect timing – should you send daily, weekly or monthly, and
c) personalisation – are you going to buy a Prada bag from John Doe or from Prada Italy which you recently signed up for? B2C clients’ expectation (at minimum) is for brands to address them by their name. However, a successful B2C email campaign goes beyond the subscribers’ first name. You need to ensure the content you deliver is specifically tailored to the subscribers’ interest, likes, needs and preferences. Take Amazon for example. Their product recommendations based on consumers “shopping trends and browsing history” are commonplace. Netflix is yet another example of offering highly-personalised content to customers with their “top picks for [Customer Name]” or “because you watched [movie name]”. Remember, B2C clients buy from brands.
Ah, and don’t forget, your content must – without a doubt – appeal to the consumers’ emotion. After all, their purchase decision is motivated by what they feel.

3) Design and Mobile optimisation

While B2B customers are accustomed to text-heavy, minimalistic designed email campaigns, B2C consumers are completely different. The latter, prefer simplistic, easy to navigate, text-light emails with one clear call-to-action. Thus, use design to your advantage. From relevant imagery and educational videos to bold text and font colour, make sure your B2C email campaign is eye-catching, creates a sense of urgency, delivers value, appeals to the consumers’ emotions and, most of all, that it is easy to navigate (I know I said it already but it bears repeating).
Lastly, don’t forget to optimise your B2C email campaigns for the small screen. All of the stats I’ve come across show that B2C emails get 47.8% more opens on mobile than B2B emails. Hence, your B2C emails must be optimised for the small screen. If they are not, you risk lower conversion rates and consequently, a substantial decrease in revenue.

4) Subject lines and call-to-action (CTA)

The few words in your subject line are the first thing recipients see. It’s the make-it or break-it moment for your B2C email campaign. According to stats, 47% of recipients open emails based on the subject line alone. Therefore, make sure you’ve crafted the perfect short, compelling and personalised subject line that’ll leave the recipients with no other option but to open your B2C email since they are dying with curiosity to find out what the email content will reveal. Also, remember that the optimal length for a subject line is 43 characters; with a maximum length of 60 characters.
Now, let’s turn our attention to the call-to-action (CTA). I know you want to make sure the recipients take action when interacting with your email. However, remember that overwhelming them with tons of different CTAs will do more harm than good. In the end, they’ll probably ignore the entire email and do absolutely nothing at all. Instead, focus on crafting one clear, prominent and perfectly placed CTA allowing your targeted audience to focus on your email’s content and consequently on one action.

5) Preferences

76% of brands send B2C emails according to a frequency determined by the business itself. Yet, only 24% of consumers state they agree, and prefer, for a business to predetermine how often the brand communicates with them. However, 49% of consumers strongly prefer to sign up for brands’ email lists where they can choose what emails to receive and when.
As much as a business’s ego can be bruised by a consumer unsubscribing, it does happen. Don’t keep your subscribers hostage if they want to leave. Instead, include both an unsubscribe link (which is a legal requirement) and a preference centre link in your B2C emails. Give consumers the option to make a choice be it unsubscribing, changing the frequency of your brand’s emails or the type of email they receive from you (i.e. special offers, newsletter, events, webinars, blog updates, etc.).

B2C Email Marketing Examples

If you’re wondering what sort of B2C emails to send, here are seven B2C email marketing examples that, if implemented correctly, will help you engage, convert and provide value for your consumers.

1) Welcome emails

These introductory messages are email marketers’ first chance to make a great impression on new subscribers by introducing their company and how their products/services can deliver value. You’ve heard the phrase ‘love at first sight’, right? Well, by crafting an effective onboarding email series, you’ll ensure that “the love” will happen even at second sight; and why not at third sight, too.
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2) Purchase confirmation emails

Transactional emails such as these present email marketers with an opportunity to seize the momentum of a recent purchase. Thus, give the consumer information about their purchase/order; and, use the opportunity to engage them further by either offering similar products/services or asking for their feedback on related products/services. Utilising this type of email is proven to generate 8 times more opens and click-throughs and 6 times more revenue.
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3) Shipping/order confirmation emails

How often do you ‘track’ a purchase once you’ve received the confirmation email? With these emails, brands can keep consumers in the loop regarding their order’s delivery and any other related updates. By including a couple of key elements and adding a bit of creativity, these transactional emails will help you build customer loyalty, improve on your brand’s post-purchase customer experience and make your brand easily distinguishable.
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4) Cart abandonment emails

Email marketers utilise this type of email to ‘inspire’ consumers who didn’t complete their buying process to do so. Why not encourage them by offering a one-time discount on their first-time purchase? According to stats, 81% of purchases made online are the result of targeted B2C email campaigns. Considering 75% of online shoppers leave websites without completing a purchase, these emails are a perfect opportunity to tip the scales in your favour.
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5) Reminder emails

Businesses use these emails to reconnect with consumers at meaningful times of the buying cycle and remind them of the value their products/services can bring.
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6) Birthdays and Anniversary emails

With these milestone emails, brands can leverage personalisation and ensure each consumer feels special by awarding them a tailor-made offer.
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7) Re-engagement emails (or win-back emails)

If the subscribers on your email lists aren’t as active and engaged as they should or could be, don’t just dismiss them. Instead, try to re-engage inactive subscribers by giving them an email-exclusive offer, providing valuable advice or asking for their feedback/opinion. Moreover, stats point out that 45% of recipients who receive re-engagement emails will read subsequent emails from that brand.
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Final Thoughts

Businesses that prioritise email marketing not only achieve more success but also, better customer engagement and retention; as well as, brand awareness. B2C email marketing is not only the perfect way to communicate with your consumers. It is also a powerful approach to drive more revenue.
There are numerous differences between B2B and B2C email marketing. But the main one is your targeted audience. For a successful B2C email marketing strategy, you need to know your consumers – what they like, what they are interested in and what they’re looking for in their buyer journey. Make sure you are carefully evaluating what resonates with your audience; and, design your B2C email campaigns so that they cater to your consumers’ needs. Show that you respect them and provide them with email preference options. Utilise the data you’ve gathered to design highly-personalised B2C email campaigns that convert.
The three essential things to keep in mind before you even start crafting your B2C email campaigns is to have a strategy to collect the right data from them, design your B2C email campaign so it plays on the recipients’ emotions and not their logical side, and always optimise your email campaigns for the small screen.
Now that you know the difference between B2B and B2C email marketing, what B2C email marketing best practice is and has seen powerful B2C email marketing examples, you can implement all you’ve learnt into your next B2C email campaign. Are you ready to begin?

Highly recommended further reading –

1) Email Marketing Automation 2) Email Marketing and Content Marketing 3) Email Personalisation 4) Email Design Best Practices 5) Optimise Your Email For The Small Screen 6) Email Marketing Automation
*The B2C email marketing examples used in this article have been sourced from Really Good Emails.
This article was originally published on 15 September and can be found here.

Open your Unlimited Sends one-month free trial today – after your first month with us you can switch to our FreeForever account giving you 12,500 sends to 2,500 contacts each and every month for free, forever. Corporate email marketing? Contact us.

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2020.09.21 22:00 Purp1eW0lf OSCP Lab & Exam Review and Tips

So I want this to hopefully be a bit more than the obligatory 'I passed the OSCP' , and offer some advice for those who want to take the exam as well as give my opinions of the course. It's a lengthy post, with advice from beginning to end of an OSCP path.
TL;DR: commit to preparation. Complete every OSCP-related resource and you will pass.
The topics we're going to go through:
  1. OSCP preparation
  2. Purchasing the OSCP
  3. Coursework
  4. Buffer Overflows
  5. Lab Report
  6. Labs themselves
  7. Pre exam prep
  8. Exam itself
  9. Exam reporting
  10. Post exam
Pre -OSCP preparation
Before you pay for the OSCP labs, I would recommend that you take up the following free (or cheap) resources:
Purchasing OSCP
When you're reading to purchase your OSCP course, there are a number of options for what you can pay for. I'm not going to dwell on this for too long but what I will say is this: if you have children, intense work commitments, or an unforgiving significant other - choose the 90 day option. If you don't have children, if your workplace is understanding, and if your SO is forgiving - choose the 60 day option.
OffSec can take up to a fortnight to accept your payment and send you the course details, so please do keep this in mind when it comes to scheduling and timing. I didn't realise there would be such a gap in time, and ended up losing losing a week of time I had set aside for the course.
OSCP Coursework
For the majority of the coursework, I was frustrated. It felt like 800 pages of content that was outdated and time-consuming. Looking back now, though, I see that OffSec weren't trying to teach me answers but were in fact trying to foster a mentality in how to approach tasks. The content isn't all bad either, as there was some techniques and tips that I was genuinely impressed with and used in the exams.
There may be some who say that completing the coursework is not worth the five points you receive towards the final exam. I say those people are either overconfident in their abilities or misunderstand simple math. As there's little we can do for the former, let's examine the latter: the OSCP Exam comes in the form of five machines, with two 25 point machines, two 20 point machines, and one ten point machine. One of those machines is a buffer overflow machine (which is a guaranteed 25 points). When you add up a combination of a handful of these machines, you can start to see how five points can be the difference between a pass and fail. Moreover, let's just say you pass with what you think is 73 points but OffSec deduct four points because of sloppy reporting. That's a fail. Whereas those extra five points you would have received from the coursework would have pushed you into a more comfortable passing mark.
In essence, the coursework is dull and painful for 90%. But the 10% of interesting stuff, plus the five points, makes it undeniably worth it. Please do the coursework. I would recommend banging out the course report as soon and quick as you can. I spent eight days, giving fifteen hours a day just burning through the course so I could get it out of the way. I will assume you're more intelligent than I am and will get through the coursework much faster than I did.
OSCP Coursework: Buffer Overflow
The buffer overflow section in OffSec's course pdf is awful. It was my least favourite part of the whole course, and it kept coming up again and again throughout the 800 pages. They don't explain it well from the beginning and that confusion persists as you go through the BOF sections. It's the only part of the entire course that I was actually frustrated I had paid OffSec this much money.
Fortunately for me (and now for you) I had gathered some resources before starting the labs and had already perfected my BOF skills. I would recommend you first follow Heath Adams' Cyber Mentor BOF guide. He teaches the part-manual, part-automated method, and helps you understand some of the theory. Once you've completed this, then move onto Tib3rius' BOF practice room on Try Hack me. It teaches you the mostly automated method for a BOF, and it is the easiest, quickest way by far. Heath's guide is necessary, as he teaches you a middle-way that makes sure you wouldn't be lost if your automated tools stopped working. OffSec's method is maybe too manual. And I understand that they want to impart the lesson of doing things manually, but for a topic as confusing as BOF it's better to use Tib3rius' automated BOF methods that are allowed in the exam.
OffSec is gonna have you working those bad characters out manually, eyeballing each one in tiny font six. And you're gonna do it, as that's the requirement for passing the coursework. And you're gonna fuck up one of those characters and your exploit won't work, because human error is bound to kick in when you're doing with that many slashes, x's and 0s. All I can say is sigh deeply to yourself and do it OffSec's way for the coursework. Come exam time, Tib3rius' way is the way to go.
OSCP Lab Report
The other requirement to get those five points is to complete ten machines in the OSCP lab, and ensure that you have documented these in a report. I don't have much to say about this either, as it's straightforward and you would be doing yourself a disservice if you didn't create ten writeups of machines you're going to hack anyway to get yourself points towards the exam.
For both the Lab report and Exam I used more of a 'boot to root' style of writeup. I found OffSec's example report to be too confusing to actually follow per machine. It makes sense in a real world engagement to produce a report that looks at things per vulnerablity (not per host). However this isn't the real world, so feel free to use a walkthrough style for your reporting too.
OSCP Labs
The labs are around sixty vulnerable machines split across a handful of networks. You will have immediate access to around forty machines, with the remaining machines hidden in those secret networks. I completed every single machine, as I saw these as 'practice exams'. Therefore my logic was completing every practice exam meant I would be in better stead for the real deal.
I want to address two major criticisms I have about the OSCP labs.
I wanted to critique the Student Admins, who are on Helpdesk for any tech issues you're having as well as to give you pointers on machines. I only had two experiences with student admins, and whilst they were both nice people I think that English was not their first language and as a result their advice (and the conversation in general) was difficult. When someone is trying to give you a cryptic hint to a machine, and their command of English isn't that strong, it's not gonna go well for you. However I am reserving this as an actual thing OffSec should improve as I don't see how they could. They could hire student admins who have demonstrably high-level fluency in English, but maybe they do and I just got unlucky the two times I communicated with them? At any rate, I would gladly sign up to be a Student Admin as I would enjoy advising fellow students on hints and tips throughout their labs.
Pre-Exam
Book your exam date as early as you can, as the slots fill up quickly. I know it's difficult to know what life will be like two or three months time, but it's necessary I'm afraid. You don't want to leave a big gap between finishing the labs and doing your exam.
A fortnight before your exam, email OffSec and ask for a test session for your equipment. As the exam is proctored (someone watches you via webcam and monitors the activity on your host OS' screen) you need to test and make sure all the software works. The last thing you want on exam day is for a tech problem to eat into your time or have your exam cancelled. My host OS was Kubuntu, and I used this camera which said it worked for Linux systems, so I definitely wanted to test my system and make sure it all worked well.
Please keep hardware requirements in mind too. I'd recommend you have at least 16gigs of ram, as you won't just be running your VM but you'll be running the proctoring software too. You'll also want good ram, and a computer that won't overheat, as you'll be running the machine for long periods of time and it will be doing intense work. The last thing you want is for your computer to die mid exam!
Exam
I won't go into detail here, as the OSCP exams are not to be discussed at length.
My approach to the OSCP was a commitment to preparation. I wanted to make sure that no matter what was thrown at me, I had experience in it and wouldn't be faced with a service or configuration that I'd never seen. This paid off, as within four hours I had gained enough points to pass, and after eight hours I asked the proctor terminate my VPN connection.
I would strongly advise you take perfect screenshots and okay-ish notes whilst you're hacking the machines in the exam. This will make the reporting requirement easier.
Keep two copies of the Kali exam image, and use snapshots just in case. The last thing you want is for your VM to break and not restart.
Post-Exam
After you've rooted your exam machines, you need to write your report and submit it to OffSec. Be meticulous here. Don't just screenshot what you did, but also include the commands you ran. I want you to write that report like your significant other, your grandma, your dog is gonna pick up that report and follow each page so they can re-create every step to root. This doesn't mean you're going to write the report like its a 'explain like I'm five'. Rather, you're going to write the report that is replicable and clear.
Once you've written your exam report, you're going to send that and your coursework and lab reports to OffSec. OffSec have a dedicated page for their exam guide, focus on section three. It is entirely possible to root every single machine, complete every single coursework and lab requirement, send off your reports and fail the exam. Why? Because OffSec's rules for exam submission are incredibly punitive, and require you to zip reports, password protect them, upload them, copy links and email them - it's a highly-choreographed dance that OffSec has us do post-exam, and they don't explain it well.
This is an area I am hugely critical of OffSec for. They don't need to fail a person who rooted every machine and completed all course tasks just because they sent 'exam report.pdf'. I understand they have thousands of students, and can't chase them all up to meet administrative requirements. But, OffSec, that IS all you'd be failing someone for: administrative requirements. In real life, I have not found that a client will refuse payment because of a report name, or will reject an entire report because they had trouble unlocking the password-protected file.
This is an area I would also like to OffSec improve on, as they have strict rules but do not explain it well. For example, does the coursework report and ten-machine-lab report get submitted in two separate reports, along with your exam report, or do you condense those two into one course/lab report and send that off with your exam report? I don't really know. I did the latter. It seemed to be okay for me as I passed, but greater clarity from OffSec would be even better.
And after the OSCP Exam?
OffSec state it may take thirty days to get results, but from what I've seen most people get their results within five days. I imagine a weekend submission may take a little bit longer. I did my exam early in the weekday and received my results midday two days later. The certificate does seem to arrive a little bit more erratically, due to COVID 19, as I haven't worked out a pattern of who receives theirs and when. I passed less than a week ago, so I won't see mine for maybe a little bit more.
And that's it, that's everything I have for you. I hope that was informative. It was certainly cathartic to write, and I hope it can offer someone some guidance or reassurance. I'm always available for a chat, whether that's here in the comments, in a DM, or my Twitter .
I'm hungry for more certifications, and I'm hoping OffSec update their OSWP course soon so I can sink my teeth into that. I've got eighteen months left to complete my InfoSec doctorate, and I'm also looking for Junior Pen Tester positions in London, as I want that guidance and mentorship in the professional world.
Take care of yourselves my friends,
Ray
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2020.09.21 12:53 leapodcasts Analyst Talk Podcast: Paul Arnold - The Hidden Analyst

Analyst Talk Podcast: Paul Arnold - The Hidden Analyst

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Episode 00021
Release Date: September 21, 2020
Description: How can you utilize your crime analysis skills beyond your regular job? In this episode, Paul Arnold shares his unique approach to crime and intelligence analysis coming from academia along with tips and tricks on how to improve and expand on administrative analysis. Paul also shares how he uses his expertise in analysis and research to find his birth father after 40 years, making him the oldest person to get adopted in Colorado. Along with his day job, Paul educates people, mainly crime survivors, on how to clean up their digital footprint, making them virtually impossible to find. Paul Arnold is currently a Crime Analyst with the Thornton Police Department ([[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])). This episode also features a new segment called "Favorite First Job" showcasing our previous guests' favorite first jobs along with Paul and Jason.
Names Dropped: Sally Rawlings, Ken Hasla, Randy Nelson, Rachel Boba-Santos, Yani Rojo, Steve Gottlieb, Angela Backer-Hines, Albert Mesa, Shawn Fisher, Steve French, Christopher Bruce
Public Service Announcements: Kyle Stoker on IACA Elections, Sally Rawlings, Mindy Duong, Metre Lewis
Related Links: www.intantcheckmate.com
LinkedIn: [None / unable to find unsurprisingly]
SEO Keywords: Academia, Crime Analysis, Intelligence Analysis, Internet Safety, Digital Footprint, Adoption, Open Source Research, Victim Advocacy, Administrative Analysis, Manpower Study
Podcast Writer: Mindy Duong
Theme Song: Written and Recorded by The Rough & Tumble. Find more of their music at www.theroughandtumble.com.
Logo: Designed by Kyle McMullen. Please visit www.moderntype.com for any printable business forms and planners.
Podcast Email: [[email protected]](mailto:leapodcasts[email protected])
Podcast Webpage: www.leapodcasts.com
YouTube Version: https://youtu.be/aIZME0eGTgg
0:31:00 – Introducing Paul 0:06:09 – Cold Case – Murder 0:10:24 – Manpower Study 0:24:52 – First Break 0:26:13 – Crime Analysis vs. Intelligence Analysis 0:30:47 – Foundations of Intelligence Analysis Training (FIAT) 0:33:35 – Finding His Father 0:38:47 – The Need to Disappear from the Internet 0:46:27 – Second Break 0:48:44 – Favorite First Jobs 1:01:32 – Personal Interests – Traveling
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2020.09.21 12:11 excelize123 5 SUGGESTIONS FOR INDIA'S METRO PROJECTS TO GET BACK ON TRACK

5 SUGGESTIONS FOR INDIA'S METRO PROJECTS TO GET BACK ON TRACK

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Besides real estate, tourism, hospitality, and retail, another industry that has been suffering from the brunt of COVID-19 lockdowns is construction and development. Ongoing projects were stalled due to the nationwide lockdown. As the situation developed, many workers returned to their hometowns as they feared for their safety and livelihood. As lockdowns lift slowly, the ramifications are still becoming clear. By some estimates, 12.2 crores people may have lost their jobs, a huge section of which hail from the construction sector, one of the biggest job creators in the market.
The good news is, the lockdown is being lifted in many parts of the country in a phased manner. With stimulus packages announced and government spending ramping up, economic activity will also look to kick on. The hope is that the industry will regain its workforce and informal labour. According to a report by the Economic Times, 70% of highway projects have already been resumed in Delhi, and metro projects too are being opened in various parts of the country like Pune, Chennai, Kanpur, Delhi, and Kolkata. That said, due to labour shortage, material unavailability, and transportation issues, it could take a while before all the projects are back on track.
Here are some suggestions to restore the pace of development across India’s ambitious metro projects.
Take lessons from the past
We should take effective lessons from the success of previous projects to ensure that the work is completed on time and without much hassle. For example, the Nagpur Metro construction project was one of the fastest-completed projects in the history of the nation. With proper incorporation of advanced technologies like BIM and well-planned utilization of sustainable energy sources, the project is referred to as the greenest metro in India, apart from being acknowledged for its pace and efficiency.
According to a report by Nation Next, the project took only 27 months from the date of inception to the completion of trial runs, which is a record in itself. Great leadership, proper communication between all the stakeholders, and constant tracking and monitoring led to the success of the Nagpur Metro project. We should refer to such shining examples to deal with future projects, especially during such difficult times.
Ensure proper hygiene
With the lockdown getting lifted, we need to be careful about the safety of the workers on site. This is both a moral and strategic imperative. Any spread of infection will impact not only the health of the workers but could also shut down or quarantine the site. We MUST take all necessary precautions to ensure the health and safety of the workers. Soaps, sanitizers, masks, and face shields should be provided to the workers, especially if their work involves meeting other people and working alongside them. Apart from supplying masks and sanitizers, we could go the extra mile to provide proper food, sanitation, and hygienic working conditions to the workers to prevent them from falling sick.
Social distancing, no matter how difficult it may seem, should be maintained at all costs while working. The companies must take the time to create awareness through education among all the workers regarding the precautionary measures that each worker needs to take to stay safe.
Technology integration is a must
The success of the Nagpur Metro project can be attributed to the integration of technologies like 5D BIM, which enhanced the resource efficiency, speed, and overall quality of the project. The clash-detection capabilities of BIM can become a massive contributor to saving time in such large and complex projects. In ongoing and future projects, the developers should make the most of such technologies like 3D visualizations, 4D progress monitoring, BIM modeling services to ensure successful completion within the deadlines. Integrating mobile apps into the operating processes will help increase the accessibility to plans and information on and off-site.
With more incorporation of high-end technologies on the construction site, the load on the engineers could be lessened, thus helping them increase their focus on providing innovative suggestions and solutions to solve pressing problems. Technology will also ensure seamless communication and the minimum loss of information, besides helping in mitigating potential risks.
Focus on post-construction evaluation
At the end of each phase of the project, a proper evaluation model could be put in place to identify potential issues to learn from. This will allow us to take necessary corrective actions in time for future phases. For instance, accurate and complete as-built BIM models can give the engineers valuable insight into the various components of the project. You could break down the model into phases and look at them in the context of engineering design, construction, and evaluation to get insights for improvements.
Stay in sync with the rules
There are a bunch of rules defined by the government. It would be useful to turn to some intelligent system to track the rules as well as log compliance with those rules. It’s a dynamic situation and regulations change, so it’s important to stay on top of the rules defined by the Government of India but also the SOPs that come into play in today’s construction site. For eg., it may be best if the workers are prevented from using public transport to reduce their exposure to infections. The company can arrange for proper transportation facilities for the workers, who will also be keener to resume work if they feel safe.
All the extra efforts that we take now will count in the long run. The faster you can complete the projects that you are working on, the better for your cash flows and overall financial results. The builders, developers, and construction companies that pull through this extremely challenging period will be extremely well placed to overcome any challenge in the future. After all, what could be harder than the situation we are in currently?
Scan to BIM Services , BIM Co-ordination Services, Bim Clash Detection and Resolution Services
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2020.09.21 06:51 InternetFreedomIn Watch the Watchmen Series Part 3 : The Crime and Criminal Tracking Network System

Watch the Watchmen Series Part 3 : The Crime and Criminal Tracking Network System

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tl;dr

The Crime and Criminal Tracking Network System (CCTNS) aims to connect police stations across the country to increase ease of access to data related to FIR registration, investigation and chargesheets in all police stations.

History

Like NATGRID and CMS, CCTNS was also developed in the aftermath of the 26/11 Mumbai terror attacks by then Home Minister P. Chidambaram to strengthen the internal security architecture of the country. The pilot testing of the Core Application Software (CAS) was started in 15 locations across Assam, Kerala and Uttar Pradesh, from 1st October 2011.The testing continued till January, 2013. During the testing, the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA)/National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) closely monitored the progress and collected the feedback for issue resolution. The pilot launch of CCTNS was done by the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) on January 4, 2013 at New Delhi.
The Crime and Criminal Tracking Network and Systems (CCTNS) Project was originally scheduled to be implemented by March, 2015. The implementation of CCTNS is being done in a phased manner and has faced consistent delays. According to the CCTNS Pragati Dashboard Report dated July 31, 2020, overall implementation of the project is currently at 77.8%.
On January 1, 2019, in response to a parliamentary question the then Minister of State in the Ministry Of Home Affairs, Shri Hansraj Gangaram Ahir stated that, “The Crime and Criminal Tracking Network and Systems (CCTNS) has been rolled out nationally and as on 30.11.2018, it has been deployed in 14764 police stations in the country.”
The total estimated cost of this Project is 2000 Crore INR during the 11th Five Year Planand the actual expenditure as on March 6, 2018 is 1451.398 crore INR.

What is CCTNS?

The CCTNS was envisaged as a system which would help police stations across the country to “talk” to each other. The aim of the project is to digitise all information related to FIRs registered, cases investigated, and charge sheets filed in all police stations, in order to develop a national database of crime and criminals. This project, which is proposed to be implemented as a Mission Mode Project under the National e-Governance Plan (NeGP) of Govt. of India, aims at creating a comprehensive and integrated system for enhancing the efficiency and effectiveness of policing at police station level through adoption of principles of e-Governance by creation of a nationwide networked infrastructure for evolution of IT-enabled state-of–the-art tracking system around “investigation of crime and detection of criminals”. The National Crime Records Bureau is the nodal project implementation agency for review, monitoring and coordination of the project under the overall guidance of the Ministry of Home Affairs.
On December 8, 2015, in response to a parliamentary question, the then Minister Of State In The Ministry Of Home Affairs, Shri Haribhai Parathibhai Chaudhary stated the aim of the project as under:
To fully computerise the process of crime registration, investigation, prosecution etc. in all police stations in the country
To create a central database to provide national level search facility as well as crime analytics for use by police and central agencies
To electronically share data/information among Police Stations & Police Higher Offices
Computerisation of all prisons and provision of necessary hardware, software etc.
To provide citizen services through a Citizen Portal
Sharing of Crime and Criminal related data with Police, Prosecution, Courts, Prison and Forensics leading to Integrated Criminal Justice System

What are the privacy concerns surrounding CCTNS?

CCTNS is being implemented in the country without a data protection law in place. This leads to privacy concerns because the CCTNS is proposed to be integrated with various projects such the National Intelligence Grid (NATGRID) and the National Automated Facial Recognition System (AFRS). Integration of the CCTNS with these projects would thus allow the state to create complete profiles of citizens. Both these projects have been red-flagged by privacy experts and civil society organisations as potential tools of mass surveillance in the hands of the state. (Read here and here)
For example, in a situation where a person has been wrongfully arrested, the integration of their data into the CCTNS would lead to further violations of their rights. This is because their data is now available to the NATGRID and the AFRS. This allows the government to track their every movement and ultimately violates their fundamental rights.

Who will ‘watch the watchmen’?

This look into CCTNS is the third in IFF’s new series called Watch the Watchmen. Through this series we aim to look into and analyse the looming surveillance technology threats in India.

Important Documents

  1. Watch the Watchmen Series Part 1 : The National Intelligence Grid dated September 2, 2020 (link)
  2. Watch the Watchmen Series Part 2 : The Centralised Monitoring System dated September 14, 2020 (link)
  3. IFF's Legal Notice to the NCRB on the Revised RFP for the National Automated Facial Recognition System dated July 15, 2020 (link)
Help us fight mass surveillance and protect your privacy and fundamental rights. Please help us sustain our efforts and donate to us generously and become a member with us today.
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2020.09.21 02:25 human1526 The Xaling race

Idk if full races are ok but...
http://imgur.com/a/PqB7VRY
The Xaling (ˈzɔːlɪŋ) originate from an overgrown, cold, yet jungle like planet containing nine contents, and three oceans.
24.5 bar atmosphere. Most of the atmosphere is helium, the second most abundant element, all hydrogen has become bonded with other things or become methane. Nitrogen makes up about three percent of the atmosphere and trace gasses make the other one percent.
~(-100°C) boiling point of methane
~(-180°C) freezing point of methane
(-147°C) average planetary temperature.
Sun is 1.1 solar masses
Distance from Sun is 5.5 AU
(822,800,000 km)
Planetary mass 1.3×Earth
12.2963 Earth year orbital period
Nearest star: laurak, and ain. A binary class k and class g star. Based on current orbital speed and atmospheric thickness, the xaling homeworld was likely floating through the galaxy for about 1 billion years, and did not originate from the laurak/ain system.
Nearest star distance: 4.6 - 4.7 LY
Planetary origin.
The Xaling homeworld was originally an ice ball of sorts, covered in frozen methane as it floated between star systems, picking up a thick helium and hydrogen atmosphere in the process.
As it approached and was captured by a star the planet warmed, allowing the methane to liquify into oceans and most of the hydrogen atmosphere to cook off, bond with other things, or become more methane. Using methane as a solvent similar to earth life with water, hydrocarbon based xenobiology began to form, and eventually led to multicellular organisms.
Being a captured planet is also why it's orbit is not on the same plane as the other planets, along with the orbit direction and planetary spin being opposite of other objects in the system.
Evolution:
The Xaling originate from the north aclesian mud krisk, a hairless brown spider like creature with a ball shaped body, four knobby legs, and four small pincers on the end of primitive arm like structures that hang under it's head. This creature exhibits primitive intelligence, and has been seen throwing rocks or sticks at other members of their group. This is thought to be a form of play among the younger krisk, as they may toss a rock back and forth among each other.
A number of krisk migrated east of aclesia and into a planes like region in rqun where they evolved into a now extinct species with slightly longer limbs and purple skin.
This extinct species eventually diverged, one half staying on the planes in rqun, while the other half moved south, through the Equatorial jungle.
Dawn of Xaling civilisation:
Those who remained on the planes became fatter, allowing for longer time between feedings, and learned how to farm the purple grass like plants that grew there. Soon, they began making more permanent living spaces, digging their burrows deep into the ground, and eventually, making the first city.
Within 100 years of the first city they had developed a social class system, Monetary units of pressed iron, a delicacy similar to soup that is still enjoyed today, and most importantly, began building free standing structures.
Xaling cites spread across the planes region, some splitting off, forming their own country. Wars where fought and over time a great empire came forth, it erected spires, some over 200 feet tall in an attempt to appease the gods above, may they provide extra rain this year and ward off disease among livestock.
This empire reached a golden age and forgot their religion as they eventually created computers, automated production, and medical advancements. The Xaling population exploded as the death rate fell, but with more Xaling came a greater need for food. A lack of food caused by drought, blight, and the rise of crime led to a coup, the government was overthrown and the rebels could not hold the empire together, within a year it collapsed into 30 small nations.
The nations fought among one another, eventually becoming a total of 12.
In an effort to find more land to support a starving population the king of fearn approved an expedition into the equatorial jungles, believing that more land may be found on the other side of bug, parasite, and disease infested toxic land.
The expedition traveled for 455 days before reaching the other side, only 22 of the original 300 had survived. Rather than finding more planes land as they had hoped, they where met with a forested land, where the ground was clear, yet eternally cloaked in darkness as strange tree like structures fought for sun in the mile high canopy.
They soon encountered a village of strange Xaling with odd growths. They farmed exotic plants, fed strange meat sacks that hung from above, and lived in fleshy huts that grew from the ground.
Southern history:
When primitive Xaling reached the new land of darkness in the continent of tres they discovered a plant that can grow in the dark, and small snake like creatures that have offspring on a daily basis, now known as the "Jungle Buffalo" despite their desert origin. (Deep south)
Adapting to have more eyes than their planes based counterparts, they could see better in the dark. Soon they too built citys, and to an extent, their own countrys.
The southern Xaling, though they had fewer countrys, less population, and fought each other less, where much more technologically advanced.
Being able to eat the lightless plants, and the daily offspring of the jungle buffalo, allowed for a more nutritious diet. While the Xaling of rqun fought for space and where desperate for food, the Xaling of tres often existed peacefully due to the abundant resources and where allowed more time in their day to innovate and make their life even easier.
Following the creation of computers, the southern Xaling sent an expedition to the north. A number of archeologists theorised the existence of richer thorium deposits, the difference being caused by plate movement. The expedition worked through the equatorial jungles, met a village of territorial fat planes Xaling, and where killed.
After another expedition was sent and brought word of the situation back to the southern capital the government decided to leave the north alone, they will ether advance to a level in which war is unthinkable, reach a level in which they can cross the jungles and must be given more serious thought, or they will annihilate themselves, allowing the south to sweep across their ruins. They will ether advance and contact the south, or Parrish, leaving their land open to colonisation. The south need only wait.
The south soon advanced their technology beyond machines and into the world of bioengineering, eventually discovering the flat, a bacteria that can be used for bioware augmentations and growth of biological structures.
The time of machines came and went as the southern Xaling began to grow their houses and factorys. Muscled tubes criss crossed the land and underground, cargo and passengers packed into large, ribbed, football shaped containers that the tubes pushed from one city to another.
The arrival of an expedition from the north sparked a movement among the southern xaling, pressuring the government to unite the two sides.
Long Biopassages with hard outer shells where grown across the toxic jungles.
Discovery of the south and creation of the passages caused conflict among the northern nations as those bordering the jungle had more ease of access.
The south soon closed off the passages, stating that the north must collect themselves before engaging in further contact.
It is unclear what happened to the northern Xaling next, all records of the north where destroyed in some great war, the south is the only reason information from before the war was saved.
After 50 years had passed the south opened up the passages again out of concern for the north, finding that most major citys had been destroyed and what few northern Xaling where left had fallen into a state of technobarbarism, surviving in the ruins, feeding on each other and what pests scurried around. Some groups worshiping what little technology they had.
The south spread across the northern lands and brought the barbaric hordes back into civility, soon they spread across the rest of their planet, creating a vast empire to last the ages. 100 years later, they invented flight, and 50 after that, the first rocket.
After reaching the edge of their solar system they encountered a great ship. 1000 miles long, the "RMS CONTACT" had been watching the little Xaling for over 1500 years, waiting for them to unify their planet and reach for the stars, seeing eye to eye on most idealistic issues and a mutual curiosity, the Xaling and Rodan machine race began trade, and have existed without major conflict.
Life:
Xaling typically have a hatch of 7. Younglings are born with 6-34 eyes, but 95% have between 14 and 22, it is extremely rare to have an odd number of eyes. Hatchlings are usually smart enough to speak by the end of three months and strong enough to crawl by eight months, though it is only at one year old that they grow arms and claws with two "fingers" on the top arms, and three on the stronger low arms.
Xaling begin working with their parents at this stage, the parents leading their young ones in completing various tasks. This prepares them for following instructions in school and latter in life, along with teaching the 1/20 Xaling who are slightly more intelligent how to lead.
Between age one and five, a young xaling may claim a "comfort rock" that it grows attached to. This is thought to be an old evolutionary quark from the mud krisk, brought out by the young following their instincts more closely, typically growing out of it by age five.
At year four the Xaling are given tags, there are often too many for names alone to be meaningful, the tag contains a 12 digit number, their date of birth, and common name.
Young Xaling take classes of 100, attending every day, 10 hours a day, year round, all the way until they are 22.
They then enter a secondary school where they might pick a career and learn of it.
After the secondary school they may begin working, often starting in low level janitorial jobs, slowly buying augmentations and working their way up as their augmentations allow them to perform better than their counterparts.
Xaling usually live to be 120 years old without augmentations, with them their max life span is inconclusive. This often results in the most augmented and oldest Xaling being the most powerful, the older you are, the more money you have, and money is power.
With money, age, and inevitable boredom, comes the need for things to do and things to want. Various forms of metal art, gems, glass, and intricate food art are consumed by the super rich, with some malls as big as citys, the largest of which has over 30,000 stores under a single roof.
Cybernetics, Biocybernetics and Cybercosis
Augmentation is common, if not necessary for success in Xaling society, though they cannot be installed in a Xaling less than 20, due to continuing brain development.
CYBERNETICS are often the cheeper alternative for augmentations, being made of metal and computers, they often run hot and are inefficient at complex tasks, though they are generally good enough or even preferable for basic functions like replacing an eye, limb, or fast mathematical processing. Using cheeper cybernetics and material may require the use of an immunosuppressant to avoid an adverse reaction, though this increases the risk of infection and general disease.
Because if this, though there are very cheep cybernetics on the black market all but the poorest of lower class and those in rough neighborhoods use proper stores and hospitals to install them. Metal armor and voluntary limb replacement is quite common in rough and poor districts.
BIOCYBERNETICS are much more expensive and rare. Most can only be acquired through a hospital with proper growing vats/tubes and the ability to program flats, though a few high end stores, may have a basic biokit to install them.
Biokits may also be gotten on the black market, though they can cause severe side effects or death if not operated properly, the lower class may use biocybernetics, though they are much more risky than the mechanical alternative given the reputation of lower class biomechanics.
CYBERCOSIS is a mental, condition wherein the subject looses touch with reality due to over augmentation.
Though the effects can vary widely based on the enhancements, and the subject's mental predisposition. Cybercosis is less common in subjects with biocybernetics, though not unheard of.
Physical
Physical enhancement has the least impact on xaling psychology. Mental side effects are extremely rare, however with full body replacement also comes full sensory replacement and possible overload. (See sensory below) most side effects are caused by a subject's ethics and personal philosophy.
Physical enhancements can cause a sense of emptiness and depression, having lost most of their biological body, some subjects may feel that all they need is electricity and a paste to feed their nervous system, making other things and their life seem pointless, like eating, sleeping, and socializing. This may be a gradual and creeping sense of dread as more augmentation is added, or begin as a sudden realization of what the subject has become.
On the other end, a subject may be thrilled with the idea, feeling that it has made them near immortal, and having freed them from the needs of a biological body, perhaps feeling more familiar with machines than their own biological brethren. These may be refered to as cybrx (ˈsaɪbrs), a corruption of cybrex (ˈsaɪbrɛks), the name given to them by humans when they came in contact with the xaling, since the effects of modification on these individuals are similar to the effects on heavily augmented human cybrex. (Was caused by a human typo and translation error. The error was discovered several hours later, however xaling scientists had already released the conversation transcript to reporters and media outlets, and the name stuck. For a time the scientific community refered to augmented xaling as cybrex, though they did eventually accept cybrx to help distinguish themselves from the human variant. Before humans there was no official name for the cybrx.)
While most will go about their normal lives, some cybrx may attempt to gather a following of like minded augmented xaling, feeling they need to free themselves from basic biological needs. These groups can range from reserved and closed off, to open and accepting of the unaugmented, keeping track of a credit to help pay for their conversion.
Individuals may rise among the cybrx that ether have a predisposition causing insanity, or may suffer from too many mental or sensory augmentation.
Attacks from over augmented cybrx are very rare, though quite devastating. An average of 0.005/100,000 people die (an average of 25 per square mile) every year from such attacks. (There are ~1,000,000,000,000 Xaling on their homeworld. A total of ~5,000,000 world wide die every year from attacks. This sounds like allot, but consider that 292,320,000 xaling hatch every day planet wide.) Although being a cybrx in and of it's self is not harmful, or risky to others, the aforementioned damage caused by a sick cybrx, and the media have created a negative misconception about heavy physical augmentation.
A special squad of police are used to respond to attacks, they are often remote controlled war machines or manned biomechs equiped to capture or (usually) kill the agitators. The rodan may assist or arm these squads, basic rodan weapons being more advanced than most xaling equipment, along with a stronger bipedal body better designed for physical combat.
25%-30% of the population may qualify to be a cybrx. ~2% of cybrx may be unstable.
sensory
Sensory cybernetics can cause sleeping issues and if too many are installed, can cause sensory overload.
Symptoms of overload usually entail schizophrenic behavior, such as mistrust of friends and a senseless fear of certain objects, such as a hammer, or knife laying on the floor that could be used as a weapon, despite there being no one in sight.
Overloaded individuals may avoid or suddenly run away from friends and attempt to destroy or run away from the frightening object. It is extremely rare for subjects to attack friends during an anxiety attack.
Individuals suffering from an anxiety attack may be reported and taken in by the government, having their cybernetics removed and put into rehabilitation, often having a full recovery within a year.
~90% of the population have sensory systems. ~5% of the population may be unstable.
mental
Mental enhancement is some of the most complex, as it adds to or replaces part of the subject's brain.
Mental enhancements are almost never done by established shops and often too expensive for low lives to buy on the black market. The most basic of mechanical mental enhancements are more expensive than most biological enhancements of the other two categories.
Mental enhancements have the greatest effect out of all mods, but also the greatest risk, and adverse effects.
It is much rarer for someone to become unstable from too many mental enhancements due to cost prohibiting most people from getting more than one or two, however, there have been a few cases where higher class citizens have gone crazy, or developed a split personality from too many augments.
Symptoms typically range from loosing time, to sleep walking for several days, to loosing control over your body, being traped inside, only able to watch as your mods work as you.
There are very few known methods of detecting and helping a person who has too many mental implants, due to the delicate nature of them, and potential to loose vast amounts of memory if they are deactivated, due to the subject's brain relying on them to store data or process information. Removing the mods may leve the subject a vegetable.
Because of their inherent danger, mental enhancements are highly regulated, and only so many can be made per year.
The government bids out the right to make these enhancements every 10 years, with the cost getting added to the highest bidder's taxes.
~40% of the population have at least one mental implant. ~1% may be overcome by them.
otheunclear
There are many other augmentations that have an unclear position among the categories. An example would be neural plugs and I/O systems for the net. (internet)
Though they do connect to the brain, and may qualify as an addition in some respects, they are not considered mental augmentations since they usually do not handle cognitive processes, instead they are considered a sensory augment since they are enabling the connection between a biological brain and the net, usually through a brain's auditory and visual centers.
Religion:
Due to wide spread education and technology, religion is very rare among xaling, and what little there is usually has to do with the worship of technology, limbo, or the universe.
These religions usually pop up in poorly educated districts and are usually the result of misinterpreting a subject, especially limbo the entity and limbo subspace.
The largest underground religion is the "church of othob" with 12,000 members.
Though the government does not have a law against religion, they do discourage it.
Space politics:
Over the years sentiment grew between the Xaling and Rodan empires, both are very number orientated, and do not like to waist time, when they want something they get it. Xaling still maintain the majority of their population on their homeworld, often sharing worlds with the Rodan, who prefer a cold environment to properly run their factorys and computers, along with the ability to experiment with xaling DNA and methane based life, specifically methane based neural nets. In exchange the Rodan, with the best ships, offer highly discounted space travel and manufacturing services.
(Gold, due to it's electrical use and inherent rarity, is the galactic standard currency exchanged between all known races.)
The xaling and rodan have also gone on many research ventures. Rodan have a special interest in the aforementioned neural nets due to their ability to aid in parallel processing, more naturally extrapolate probability, and survive at the cold temperatures of space. Carbon based nets are very touchy and need to be warmed, while the machines next to it like to run cold. The downside being that cold hydrocarbon nets must be very pressurised, or kept at a very narrow temperature window so the methane does not freeze or boil. Keeping it in a small temperature window is not that hard for rodan technology and low pressure makes the container less dangerous if it fails, but there will be a significant slowdown since low pressure atoms become more spaced out, increasing signal travel distance, and calculation time.
Low pressure carbon based nets also have the disadvantage of using an axon with synapse at the end, while hydrocarbon nerves do not utilise an axon, instead having terminals and synapse branching off the main cell next to the dendrites. This makes the carbon nets slower than hydrocarbon ones at high pressures, and faster at low pressures. (The speed difference is more mellowed out with carbon nets, they still get slower at low pressures, and faster at high pressures, but not as much as hydrocarbon nets.)
In addition to neural nets, there have been multiple projects involving a regenerating hull for jumpships. Travel though limbo can be very corrosive to a ship's hull depending on how fast you go and how close to gravity wells you get. A hull that can regenerate would allow for longer jumps and would do away with the need for hull inspection and time consuming plate replacement.
Several experimental ships have been fitted with a regenerating carapace, however it has proven to grow far too slowly and consumes far too much food material to be practical and does not work well with extremely hot plasma shields.
It has been theorised that regenerating hulls may be practical for 1000 mile long void class ships, due to the square/cube law, though such a massive venture has not yet been tested.
Xaling ships:
As mentioned before, most transportation is done with rodan vessels though the xaling still favor their own ships for some scientific endeavors in other systems, and mining, where renting a rodan ship is too expensive for the profitable collection and selling of fusionable material. (Mostly hydrogen from gas giants.)
That being said, xaling ships are commonly made of steel, aluminum, or some other metallic substance, and have an augmented xaling pilot connected to the ship. Most ships are controlled entirely by the pilot, and any crew are usually security (turret crew and boarding party deterrent), engineers (repair), and medics.
Only the largest ships will have more than the pilot and captain connected to the bridge at the same time.
Piracy:
As with every space faring biological civilisation, there will be piracy. These pirates typically hide in caves, in planetary rings, and the far reaches of the solar system.
Pirates are usually poor miners, broke merchants, ships with mutineer crew, or escaped criminals.
These pirates, much like human pirates of old, usually leave people and bigger ships alone, and typically only kill when they are not given what they want, or need to keep up an image. (They are people, not ruthless animals after all.)
The most notable pirate is "commander blue". (Known for his once oddly blue skin, only known to happen when some xaling are born in space.) His father was a miner who's ship was mistakenly attacked by a rodan escort who was not informed by the xaling space controll agency of their presence near a gas giant.
Blue can qualify as a cybrx, (the name carried over, even after conversion.) commands at least 56 ships, and is known for boarding ships with his cloths on fire, attempting to paint an evil or crazy image of himself so the ship is less likely to resist once boarded. His first officer acts as a more down to earth moderator, pretending to argue against blue's seemingly insane ramblings to butcher, kill, or torture the captured ship's crew.
Blue has also been known to ram other ships if normal combat is ineffective (combat with greater than 1,000,000 miles between ships.) And is rumored to have a giant shipyard floating between stars somewhere in the buffalo nebulae. Though all attempts to find it have come up empty, causing some to believe the base is somewhere else, or does not exist.
Comments? Questions? Thoughts? Likes? Dislikes?
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2020.09.20 23:12 TheAtomicEsquire LEVIATHAN Rising: A Intelligence Report on an Impending Launch

Greetings, salutations, and whatnot. Found myself wanting to add something to LEVIATHAN Rising for this week's Submod Sunday/fan-content day, but have been mostly crunching delta-V numbers for the weekend. So I opted to divert a bit (or a lot) from my plans and just run with it in universe. Something more in media res than I'd been contemplating, set in the distant year of 1972, told from in-universe primary sources rather than an exposition dump.
Definitely more fun silliness here for space cadets. To say nothing of the general silliness it contains, as God knows this setting needs a bit of levity.
For just what LEVIATHAN Rising is, see the introductory post to the project here.
On with the show, then.
*=*=*=*=*
STRENG GEHEIM – EYES ONLY
Copy of memorandum furnished by Operative SHINIGAMI ROKU at last debriefing. Operative terminated thereafter due to carelessness. Additional work will need to be done refining our understanding of Kraken drives if the goal of instigating a flashpoint-via-sabotage is to be pursued further.
Heil Himmler!
--RvK
*=*=*=*=*
M E M O R A N D U M
DATE: 24/5/32* TO: Tokkeitai** Science & Technology Directorate FROM: Takamichi Chijiro, Senior Analyst (Space Intelligence) RE: Briefing on June USN Astronautical Service Launch * May 24, 1972 [/RvK] ** The Imperial Japanese Navy equivalent of the Kenpeitai. [/RvK]
Pursuant to the Directorate’s request, my team has reviewed the available information furnished to us regarding the launch of the United States Navy’s latest spacecraft. Below please find our summary of what is known. Metric conversions have been made wherever possible and rounded to preserve readability. Certain estimations have been made, as well, where necessary to provide a full picture for the Directorate.
U.S.S. Theodore Geisel (FGK-11) Specifications Type: Norman Rockwell-class Flight IB Cutter Crew: 26 (4 officers and 22 enlisted) Length: 66.7m Width: 11.5m Wet Mass: 1,101,620kg Dry Mass: 562,133kg Delta-V: 17,688 m/s Thrust: 4,100,000 N Specific Impulse: 3,750 s Exhaust Velocity: 35,010 m/s Motto: Semper fidelis, C per centum
Anticipated Flight Plan:
The U.S.S. Geisel will depart the Canaveral Staging Lagoon on or about June 11 atop staged atop a JA1AJ Andromeda rocket, that will be towed to its staging area the same day. On-site fueling of the Andromeda is expected to take two days. Ascent crew will be delivered on or about June 13. Same-day lift-off will occur, with Andromeda lofting the Geisel to altitude of approximately 100km before the Geisel ignites her Kraken drive and ascends into 250km parking orbit.
Once in orbit, the Geisel will put into NSS Adams Island in LEO to take on her full crew complement and disembark the ascent crew. Shakedown cruising over the following 90 days will consist of paying port-calls at NSS Arthur Island in GEO and NSS Roosevelt Island at EML1 with vigorous cislunar maneuvering prior to returning to NSS Adams Island for formal acceptance by CINC ASTROCOM, VADM Robert Heinlein, and receive general deployment orders.
Rocket Stack: Wet Mass Length
Powered Flight Module:·
Habitat Module:·
Gunnery Module:
Engineering Module:
Half-Faring Propulsion Bus:·
Analysts’ Thoughts
  1. The details of the Rockwell class are well-established from prior surveys of open-source and HUMINT resources. If the Directorate’s true concern was with regard to whether this vessel was to be armed with nuclear munitions, in future, a more directed request would have proven a more productive usage of scarce analysis resources. As with the last three of these requests prior to Rockwell launches, the Americans appear to be genuine in their statements that this class of vessel is intended only for orbital patrol and not strategic bombing.
  2. Most of the information contained in this report was corroborated via official American governmental publications. The lack of overt secrecy reinforces that the Rockwell class is not intended to be a nuclear combatant. By the same token, that the first of the USN’s “corvettes” – the U.S.S. Delaware – is shrouded in enough secrecy to make a Burgundian feel at home should be taken as a sign that those are being designed as full-fledged atomic warships.
  3. The preponderance of American assets in near-Earth and cislunar space is increasing at a rate that their lead will become insurmountable even for the combined space forces of the Empire and the Reich unless drastic measures are taken. (More drastic, that is, that working with Germans.) We recommend the acceleration of Project WATATSUMI as much as possible and careful reconsideration of the potential benefits that could be reaped from initiating construction of Project GOJIRA.
  4. The ships of the Rockwell class have traditionally been named after model American citizens or individuals feel the Americans feel have contributed to their cultural patrimony. The team could find no reference of a “Theodore Geisel” in our searches, though they were only cursory due to being beyond the scope of Directorate’s request. We recommend referring the matter to a specialist on Anglo-American history and culture to ascertain who the individual is, as it might provide useful insights.
  5. To whoever suggested investigating “the feasibility of sabotaging vessel to cause catastrophic failure in flight”, firing is recommended. “Pulse unit” is a very technical way of saying “atomic shaped charge”. It is not recommended to attempt to tamper with a vessel that is ascending to orbit atop a string of atomic blasts while carrying several thousand more atom bombs. The boom might be impressive if successful, but it is highly likely the Home Islands will be contaminated by the dozens of tons of plutonium and/or uranium released into the atmosphere. The boom probably won’t be impressive, though, as pulse units do not work like that, either.
submitted by TheAtomicEsquire to TNOmod [link] [comments]


2020.09.20 22:56 human1526 [Show and tell] The Xaling Race.

Idk if full races are ok but...
http://imgur.com/a/PqB7VRY
The Xaling (ˈzɔːlɪŋ) originate from an overgrown, cold, yet jungle like planet containing nine contents, and three oceans.
24.5 bar atmosphere. Most of the atmosphere is helium, the second most abundant element, all hydrogen has become bonded with other things or become methane. Nitrogen makes up about three percent of the atmosphere and trace gasses make the other one percent.
~(-100°C) boiling point of methane
~(-180°C) freezing point of methane
(-147°C) average planetary temperature.
Sun is 1.1 solar masses
Distance from Sun is 5.5 AU
(822,800,000 km)
Planetary mass 1.3×Earth
12.2963 Earth year orbital period
Nearest star: laurak, and ain. A binary class k and class g star. Based on current orbital speed and atmospheric thickness, the xaling homeworld was likely floating through the galaxy for about 1 billion years, and did not originate from the laurak/ain system.
Nearest star distance: 4.6 - 4.7 LY
Planetary origin.
The Xaling homeworld was originally an ice ball of sorts, covered in frozen methane as it floated between star systems, picking up a thick helium and hydrogen atmosphere in the process.
As it approached and was captured by a star the planet warmed, allowing the methane to liquify into oceans and most of the hydrogen atmosphere to cook off, bond with other things, or become more methane. Using methane as a solvent similar to earth life with water, hydrocarbon based xenobiology began to form, and eventually led to multicellular organisms.
Being a captured planet is also why it's orbit is not on the same plane as the other planets, along with the orbit direction and planetary spin being opposite of other objects in the system.
Evolution:
The Xaling originate from the north aclesian mud krisk, a hairless brown spider like creature with a ball shaped body, four knobby legs, and four small pincers on the end of primitive arm like structures that hang under it's head. This creature exhibits primitive intelligence, and has been seen throwing rocks or sticks at other members of their group. This is thought to be a form of play among the younger krisk, as they may toss a rock back and forth among each other.
A number of krisk migrated east of aclesia and into a planes like region in rqun where they evolved into a now extinct species with slightly longer limbs and purple skin.
This extinct species eventually diverged, one half staying on the planes in rqun, while the other half moved south, through the Equatorial jungle.
Dawn of Xaling civilisation:
Those who remained on the planes became fatter, allowing for longer time between feedings, and learned how to farm the purple grass like plants that grew there. Soon, they began making more permanent living spaces, digging their burrows deep into the ground, and eventually, making the first city.
Within 100 years of the first city they had developed a social class system, Monetary units of pressed iron, a delicacy similar to soup that is still enjoyed today, and most importantly, began building free standing structures.
Xaling cites spread across the planes region, some splitting off, forming their own country. Wars where fought and over time a great empire came forth, it erected spires, some over 200 feet tall in an attempt to appease the gods above, may they provide extra rain this year and ward off disease among livestock.
This empire reached a golden age and forgot their religion as they eventually created computers, automated production, and medical advancements. The Xaling population exploded as the death rate fell, but with more Xaling came a greater need for food. A lack of food caused by drought, blight, and the rise of crime led to a coup, the government was overthrown and the rebels could not hold the empire together, within a year it collapsed into 30 small nations.
The nations fought among one another, eventually becoming a total of 12.
In an effort to find more land to support a starving population the king of fearn approved an expedition into the equatorial jungles, believing that more land may be found on the other side of bug, parasite, and disease infested toxic land.
The expedition traveled for 455 days before reaching the other side, only 22 of the original 300 had survived. Rather than finding more planes land as they had hoped, they where met with a forested land, where the ground was clear, yet eternally cloaked in darkness as strange tree like structures fought for sun in the mile high canopy.
They soon encountered a village of strange Xaling with odd growths. They farmed exotic plants, fed strange meat sacks that hung from above, and lived in fleshy huts that grew from the ground.
Southern history:
When primitive Xaling reached the new land of darkness in the continent of tres they discovered a plant that can grow in the dark, and small snake like creatures that have offspring on a daily basis, now known as the "Jungle Buffalo" despite their desert origin. (Deep south)
Adapting to have more eyes than their planes based counterparts, they could see better in the dark. Soon they too built citys, and to an extent, their own countrys.
The southern Xaling, though they had fewer countrys, less population, and fought each other less, where much more technologically advanced.
Being able to eat the lightless plants, and the daily offspring of the jungle buffalo, allowed for a more nutritious diet. While the Xaling of rqun fought for space and where desperate for food, the Xaling of tres often existed peacefully due to the abundant resources and where allowed more time in their day to innovate and make their life even easier.
Following the creation of computers, the southern Xaling sent an expedition to the north. A number of archeologists theorised the existence of richer thorium deposits, the difference being caused by plate movement. The expedition worked through the equatorial jungles, met a village of territorial fat planes Xaling, and where killed.
After another expedition was sent and brought word of the situation back to the southern capital the government decided to leave the north alone, they will ether advance to a level in which war is unthinkable, reach a level in which they can cross the jungles and must be given more serious thought, or they will annihilate themselves, allowing the south to sweep across their ruins. They will ether advance and contact the south, or Parrish, leaving their land open to colonisation. The south need only wait.
The south soon advanced their technology beyond machines and into the world of bioengineering, eventually discovering the flat, a bacteria that can be used for bioware augmentations and growth of biological structures.
The time of machines came and went as the southern Xaling began to grow their houses and factorys. Muscled tubes criss crossed the land and underground, cargo and passengers packed into large, ribbed, football shaped containers that the tubes pushed from one city to another.
The arrival of an expedition from the north sparked a movement among the southern xaling, pressuring the government to unite the two sides.
Long Biopassages with hard outer shells where grown across the toxic jungles.
Discovery of the south and creation of the passages caused conflict among the northern nations as those bordering the jungle had more ease of access.
The south soon closed off the passages, stating that the north must collect themselves before engaging in further contact.
It is unclear what happened to the northern Xaling next, all records of the north where destroyed in some great war, the south is the only reason information from before the war was saved.
After 50 years had passed the south opened up the passages again out of concern for the north, finding that most major citys had been destroyed and what few northern Xaling where left had fallen into a state of technobarbarism, surviving in the ruins, feeding on each other and what pests scurried around. Some groups worshiping what little technology they had.
The south spread across the northern lands and brought the barbaric hordes back into civility, soon they spread across the rest of their planet, creating a vast empire to last the ages. 100 years later, they invented flight, and 50 after that, the first rocket.
After reaching the edge of their solar system they encountered a great ship. 1000 miles long, the "RMS CONTACT" had been watching the little Xaling for over 1500 years, waiting for them to unify their planet and reach for the stars, seeing eye to eye on most idealistic issues and a mutual curiosity, the Xaling and Rodan machine race began trade, and have existed without major conflict.
Life:
Xaling typically have a hatch of 7. Younglings are born with 6-34 eyes, but 95% have between 14 and 22, it is extremely rare to have an odd number of eyes. Hatchlings are usually smart enough to speak by the end of three months and strong enough to crawl by eight months, though it is only at one year old that they grow arms and claws with two "fingers" on the top arms, and three on the stronger low arms.
Xaling begin working with their parents at this stage, the parents leading their young ones in completing various tasks. This prepares them for following instructions in school and latter in life, along with teaching the 1/20 Xaling who are slightly more intelligent how to lead.
Between age one and five, a young xaling may claim a "comfort rock" that it grows attached to. This is thought to be an old evolutionary quark from the mud krisk, brought out by the young following their instincts more closely, typically growing out of it by age five.
At year four the Xaling are given tags, there are often too many for names alone to be meaningful, the tag contains a 12 digit number, their date of birth, and common name.
Young Xaling take classes of 100, attending every day, 10 hours a day, year round, all the way until they are 22.
They then enter a secondary school where they might pick a career and learn of it.
After the secondary school they may begin working, often starting in low level janitorial jobs, slowly buying augmentations and working their way up as their augmentations allow them to perform better than their counterparts.
Xaling usually live to be 120 years old without augmentations, with them their max life span is inconclusive. This often results in the most augmented and oldest Xaling being the most powerful, the older you are, the more money you have, and money is power.
With money, age, and inevitable boredom, comes the need for things to do and things to want. Various forms of metal art, gems, glass, and intricate food art are consumed by the super rich, with some malls as big as citys, the largest of which has over 30,000 stores under a single roof.
Cybernetics, Biocybernetics and Cybercosis
Augmentation is common, if not necessary for success in Xaling society, though they cannot be installed in a Xaling less than 20, due to continuing brain development.
CYBERNETICS are often the cheeper alternative for augmentations, being made of metal and computers, they often run hot and are inefficient at complex tasks, though they are generally good enough or even preferable for basic functions like replacing an eye, limb, or fast mathematical processing. Using cheeper cybernetics and material may require the use of an immunosuppressant to avoid an adverse reaction, though this increases the risk of infection and general disease.
Because if this, though there are very cheep cybernetics on the black market all but the poorest of lower class and those in rough neighborhoods use proper stores and hospitals to install them. Metal armor and voluntary limb replacement is quite common in rough and poor districts.
BIOCYBERNETICS are much more expensive and rare. Most can only be acquired through a hospital with proper growing vats/tubes and the ability to program flats, though a few high end stores, may have a basic biokit to install them.
Biokits may also be gotten on the black market, though they can cause severe side effects or death if not operated properly, the lower class may use biocybernetics, though they are much more risky than the mechanical alternative given the reputation of lower class biomechanics.
CYBERCOSIS is a mental, condition wherein the subject looses touch with reality due to over augmentation.
Though the effects can vary widely based on the enhancements, and the subject's mental predisposition. Cybercosis is less common in subjects with biocybernetics, though not unheard of.
Physical
Physical enhancement has the least impact on xaling psychology. Mental side effects are extremely rare, however with full body replacement also comes full sensory replacement and possible overload. (See sensory below) most side effects are caused by a subject's ethics and personal philosophy.
Physical enhancements can cause a sense of emptiness and depression, having lost most of their biological body, some subjects may feel that all they need is electricity and a paste to feed their nervous system, making other things and their life seem pointless, like eating, sleeping, and socializing. This may be a gradual and creeping sense of dread as more augmentation is added, or begin as a sudden realization of what the subject has become.
On the other end, a subject may be thrilled with the idea, feeling that it has made them near immortal, and having freed them from the needs of a biological body, perhaps feeling more familiar with machines than their own biological brethren. These may be refered to as cybrx (ˈsaɪbrs), a corruption of cybrex (ˈsaɪbrɛks), the name given to them by humans when they came in contact with the xaling, since the effects of modification on these individuals are similar to the effects on heavily augmented human cybrex. (Was caused by a human typo and translation error. The error was discovered several hours later, however xaling scientists had already released the conversation transcript to reporters and media outlets, and the name stuck. For a time the scientific community refered to augmented xaling as cybrex, though they did eventually accept cybrx to help distinguish themselves from the human variant. Before humans there was no official name for the cybrx.)
While most will go about their normal lives, some cybrx may attempt to gather a following of like minded augmented xaling, feeling they need to free themselves from basic biological needs. These groups can range from reserved and closed off, to open and accepting of the unaugmented, keeping track of a credit to help pay for their conversion.
Individuals may rise among the cybrx that ether have a predisposition causing insanity, or may suffer from too many mental or sensory augmentation.
Attacks from over augmented cybrx are very rare, though quite devastating. An average of 0.005/100,000 people die (an average of 25 per square mile) every year from such attacks. (There are ~1,000,000,000,000 Xaling on their homeworld. A total of ~5,000,000 world wide die every year from attacks. This sounds like allot, but consider that 292,320,000 xaling hatch every day planet wide.) Although being a cybrx in and of it's self is not harmful, or risky to others, the aforementioned damage caused by a sick cybrx, and the media have created a negative misconception about heavy physical augmentation.
A special squad of police are used to respond to attacks, they are often remote controlled war machines or manned biomechs equiped to capture or (usually) kill the agitators. The rodan may assist or arm these squads, basic rodan weapons being more advanced than most xaling equipment, along with a stronger bipedal body better designed for physical combat.
25%-30% of the population may qualify to be a cybrx. ~2% of cybrx may be unstable.
sensory
Sensory cybernetics can cause sleeping issues and if too many are installed, can cause sensory overload.
Symptoms of overload usually entail schizophrenic behavior, such as mistrust of friends and a senseless fear of certain objects, such as a hammer, or knife laying on the floor that could be used as a weapon, despite there being no one in sight.
Overloaded individuals may avoid or suddenly run away from friends and attempt to destroy or run away from the frightening object. It is extremely rare for subjects to attack friends during an anxiety attack.
Individuals suffering from an anxiety attack may be reported and taken in by the government, having their cybernetics removed and put into rehabilitation, often having a full recovery within a year.
~90% of the population have sensory systems. ~5% of the population may be unstable.
mental
Mental enhancement is some of the most complex, as it adds to or replaces part of the subject's brain.
Mental enhancements are almost never done by established shops and often too expensive for low lives to buy on the black market. The most basic of mechanical mental enhancements are more expensive than most biological enhancements of the other two categories.
Mental enhancements have the greatest effect out of all mods, but also the greatest risk, and adverse effects.
It is much rarer for someone to become unstable from too many mental enhancements due to cost prohibiting most people from getting more than one or two, however, there have been a few cases where higher class citizens have gone crazy, or developed a split personality from too many augments.
Symptoms typically range from loosing time, to sleep walking for several days, to loosing control over your body, being traped inside, only able to watch as your mods work as you.
There are very few known methods of detecting and helping a person who has too many mental implants, due to the delicate nature of them, and potential to loose vast amounts of memory if they are deactivated, due to the subject's brain relying on them to store data or process information. Removing the mods may leve the subject a vegetable.
Because of their inherent danger, mental enhancements are highly regulated, and only so many can be made per year.
The government bids out the right to make these enhancements every 10 years, with the cost getting added to the highest bidder's taxes.
~40% of the population have at least one mental implant. ~1% may be overcome by them.
otheunclear
There are many other augmentations that have an unclear position among the categories. An example would be neural plugs and I/O systems for the net. (internet)
Though they do connect to the brain, and may qualify as an addition in some respects, they are not considered mental augmentations since they usually do not handle cognitive processes, instead they are considered a sensory augment since they are enabling the connection between a biological brain and the net, usually through a brain's auditory and visual centers.
Religion:
Due to wide spread education and technology, religion is very rare among xaling, and what little there is usually has to do with the worship of technology, limbo, or the universe.
These religions usually pop up in poorly educated districts and are usually the result of misinterpreting a subject, especially limbo the entity and limbo subspace.
The largest underground religion is the "church of othob" with 12,000 members.
Though the government does not have a law against religion, they do discourage it.
Space politics:
Over the years sentiment grew between the Xaling and Rodan empires, both are very number orientated, and do not like to waist time, when they want something they get it. Xaling still maintain the majority of their population on their homeworld, often sharing worlds with the Rodan, who prefer a cold environment to properly run their factorys and computers, along with the ability to experiment with xaling DNA and methane based life, specifically methane based neural nets. In exchange the Rodan, with the best ships, offer highly discounted space travel and manufacturing services.
(Gold, due to it's electrical use and inherent rarity, is the galactic standard currency exchanged between all known races.)
The xaling and rodan have also gone on many research ventures. Rodan have a special interest in the aforementioned neural nets due to their ability to aid in parallel processing, more naturally extrapolate probability, and survive at the cold temperatures of space. Carbon based nets are very touchy and need to be warmed, while the machines next to it like to run cold. The downside being that cold hydrocarbon nets must be very pressurised, or kept at a very narrow temperature window so the methane does not freeze or boil. Keeping it in a small temperature window is not that hard for rodan technology and low pressure makes the container less dangerous if it fails, but there will be a significant slowdown since low pressure atoms become more spaced out, increasing signal travel distance, and calculation time.
Low pressure carbon based nets also have the disadvantage of using an axon with synapse at the end, while hydrocarbon nerves do not utilise an axon, instead having terminals and synapse branching off the main cell next to the dendrites. This makes the carbon nets slower than hydrocarbon ones at high pressures, and faster at low pressures. (The speed difference is more mellowed out with carbon nets, they still get slower at low pressures, and faster at high pressures, but not as much as hydrocarbon nets.)
In addition to neural nets, there have been multiple projects involving a regenerating hull for jumpships. Travel though limbo can be very corrosive to a ship's hull depending on how fast you go and how close to gravity wells you get. A hull that can regenerate would allow for longer jumps and would do away with the need for hull inspection and time consuming plate replacement.
Several experimental ships have been fitted with a regenerating carapace, however it has proven to grow far too slowly and consumes far too much food material to be practical and does not work well with extremely hot plasma shields.
It has been theorised that regenerating hulls may be practical for 1000 mile long void class ships, due to the square/cube law, though such a massive venture has not yet been tested.
Xaling ships:
As mentioned before, most transportation is done with rodan vessels though the xaling still favor their own ships for some scientific endeavors in other systems, and mining, where renting a rodan ship is too expensive for the profitable collection and selling of fusionable material. (Mostly hydrogen from gas giants.)
That being said, xaling ships are commonly made of steel, aluminum, or some other metallic substance, and have an augmented xaling pilot connected to the ship. Most ships are controlled entirely by the pilot, and any crew are usually security (turret crew and boarding party deterrent), engineers (repair), and medics.
Only the largest ships will have more than the pilot and captain connected to the bridge at the same time.
Piracy:
As with every space faring biological civilisation, there will be piracy. These pirates typically hide in caves, in planetary rings, and the far reaches of the solar system.
Pirates are usually poor miners, broke merchants, ships with mutineer crew, or escaped criminals.
These pirates, much like human pirates of old, usually leave people and bigger ships alone, and typically only kill when they are not given what they want, or need to keep up an image. (They are people, not ruthless animals after all.)
The most notable pirate is "commander blue". (Known for his once oddly blue skin, only known to happen when some xaling are born in space.) His father was a miner who's ship was mistakenly attacked by a rodan escort who was not informed by the xaling space controll agency of their presence near a gas giant.
Blue can qualify as a cybrx, (the name carried over, even after conversion.) commands at least 56 ships, and is known for boarding ships with his cloths on fire, attempting to paint an evil or crazy image of himself so the ship is less likely to resist once boarded. His first officer acts as a more down to earth moderator, pretending to argue against blue's seemingly insane ramblings to butcher, kill, or torture the captured ship's crew.
Blue has also been known to ram other ships if normal combat is ineffective (combat with greater than 1,000,000 miles between ships.) And is rumored to have a giant shipyard floating between stars somewhere in the buffalo nebulae. Though all attempts to find it have come up empty, causing some to believe the base is somewhere else, or does not exist.
Comments? Questions? Thoughts? Likes? Dislikes?
submitted by human1526 to characterforge [link] [comments]


2020.09.20 22:53 human1526 The Xaling race.

(Link to another post if you want to see a picture of them: https://www.reddit.com/worldbuilding/comments/iwl88n/the_xaling_race/)
The Xaling (ˈzɔːlɪŋ) originate from an overgrown, cold, yet jungle like planet containing nine contents, and three oceans.
24.5 bar atmosphere. Most of the atmosphere is helium, the second most abundant element, all hydrogen has become bonded with other things or become methane. Nitrogen makes up about three percent of the atmosphere and trace gasses make the other one percent.
~(-100°C) boiling point of methane
~(-180°C) freezing point of methane
(-147°C) average planetary temperature.
Sun is 1.1 solar masses
Distance from Sun is 5.5 AU
(822,800,000 km)
Planetary mass 1.3×Earth
12.2963 Earth year orbital period
Nearest star: laurak, and ain. A binary class k and class g star. Based on current orbital speed and atmospheric thickness, the xaling homeworld was likely floating through the galaxy for about 1 billion years, and did not originate from the laurak/ain system.
Nearest star distance: 4.6 - 4.7 LY
Planetary origin.
The Xaling homeworld was originally an ice ball of sorts, covered in frozen methane as it floated between star systems, picking up a thick helium and hydrogen atmosphere in the process.
As it approached and was captured by a star the planet warmed, allowing the methane to liquify into oceans and most of the hydrogen atmosphere to cook off, bond with other things, or become more methane. Using methane as a solvent similar to earth life with water, hydrocarbon based xenobiology began to form, and eventually led to multicellular organisms.
Being a captured planet is also why it's orbit is not on the same plane as the other planets, along with the orbit direction and planetary spin being opposite of other objects in the system.
Evolution:
The Xaling originate from the north aclesian mud krisk, a hairless brown spider like creature with a ball shaped body, four knobby legs, and four small pincers on the end of primitive arm like structures that hang under it's head. This creature exhibits primitive intelligence, and has been seen throwing rocks or sticks at other members of their group. This is thought to be a form of play among the younger krisk, as they may toss a rock back and forth among each other.
A number of krisk migrated east of aclesia and into a planes like region in rqun where they evolved into a now extinct species with slightly longer limbs and purple skin.
This extinct species eventually diverged, one half staying on the planes in rqun, while the other half moved south, through the Equatorial jungle.
Dawn of Xaling civilisation:
Those who remained on the planes became fatter, allowing for longer time between feedings, and learned how to farm the purple grass like plants that grew there. Soon, they began making more permanent living spaces, digging their burrows deep into the ground, and eventually, making the first city.
Within 100 years of the first city they had developed a social class system, Monetary units of pressed iron, a delicacy similar to soup that is still enjoyed today, and most importantly, began building free standing structures.
Xaling cites spread across the planes region, some splitting off, forming their own country. Wars where fought and over time a great empire came forth, it erected spires, some over 200 feet tall in an attempt to appease the gods above, may they provide extra rain this year and ward off disease among livestock.
This empire reached a golden age and forgot their religion as they eventually created computers, automated production, and medical advancements. The Xaling population exploded as the death rate fell, but with more Xaling came a greater need for food. A lack of food caused by drought, blight, and the rise of crime led to a coup, the government was overthrown and the rebels could not hold the empire together, within a year it collapsed into 30 small nations.
The nations fought among one another, eventually becoming a total of 12.
In an effort to find more land to support a starving population the king of fearn approved an expedition into the equatorial jungles, believing that more land may be found on the other side of bug, parasite, and disease infested toxic land.
The expedition traveled for 455 days before reaching the other side, only 22 of the original 300 had survived. Rather than finding more planes land as they had hoped, they where met with a forested land, where the ground was clear, yet eternally cloaked in darkness as strange tree like structures fought for sun in the mile high canopy.
They soon encountered a village of strange Xaling with odd growths. They farmed exotic plants, fed strange meat sacks that hung from above, and lived in fleshy huts that grew from the ground.
Southern history:
When primitive Xaling reached the new land of darkness in the continent of tres they discovered a plant that can grow in the dark, and small snake like creatures that have offspring on a daily basis, now known as the "Jungle Buffalo" despite their desert origin. (Deep south)
Adapting to have more eyes than their planes based counterparts, they could see better in the dark. Soon they too built citys, and to an extent, their own countrys.
The southern Xaling, though they had fewer countrys, less population, and fought each other less, where much more technologically advanced.
Being able to eat the lightless plants, and the daily offspring of the jungle buffalo, allowed for a more nutritious diet. While the Xaling of rqun fought for space and where desperate for food, the Xaling of tres often existed peacefully due to the abundant resources and where allowed more time in their day to innovate and make their life even easier.
Following the creation of computers, the southern Xaling sent an expedition to the north. A number of archeologists theorised the existence of richer thorium deposits, the difference being caused by plate movement. The expedition worked through the equatorial jungles, met a village of territorial fat planes Xaling, and where killed.
After another expedition was sent and brought word of the situation back to the southern capital the government decided to leave the north alone, they will ether advance to a level in which war is unthinkable, reach a level in which they can cross the jungles and must be given more serious thought, or they will annihilate themselves, allowing the south to sweep across their ruins. They will ether advance and contact the south, or Parrish, leaving their land open to colonisation. The south need only wait.
The south soon advanced their technology beyond machines and into the world of bioengineering, eventually discovering the flat, a bacteria that can be used for bioware augmentations and growth of biological structures.
The time of machines came and went as the southern Xaling began to grow their houses and factorys. Muscled tubes criss crossed the land and underground, cargo and passengers packed into large, ribbed, football shaped containers that the tubes pushed from one city to another.
The arrival of an expedition from the north sparked a movement among the southern xaling, pressuring the government to unite the two sides.
Long Biopassages with hard outer shells where grown across the toxic jungles.
Discovery of the south and creation of the passages caused conflict among the northern nations as those bordering the jungle had more ease of access.
The south soon closed off the passages, stating that the north must collect themselves before engaging in further contact.
It is unclear what happened to the northern Xaling next, all records of the north where destroyed in some great war, the south is the only reason information from before the war was saved.
After 50 years had passed the south opened up the passages again out of concern for the north, finding that most major citys had been destroyed and what few northern Xaling where left had fallen into a state of technobarbarism, surviving in the ruins, feeding on each other and what pests scurried around. Some groups worshiping what little technology they had.
The south spread across the northern lands and brought the barbaric hordes back into civility, soon they spread across the rest of their planet, creating a vast empire to last the ages. 100 years later, they invented flight, and 50 after that, the first rocket.
After reaching the edge of their solar system they encountered a great ship. 1000 miles long, the "RMS CONTACT" had been watching the little Xaling for over 1500 years, waiting for them to unify their planet and reach for the stars, seeing eye to eye on most idealistic issues and a mutual curiosity, the Xaling and Rodan machine race began trade, and have existed without major conflict.
Life:
Xaling typically have a hatch of 7. Younglings are born with 6-34 eyes, but 95% have between 14 and 22, it is extremely rare to have an odd number of eyes. Hatchlings are usually smart enough to speak by the end of three months and strong enough to crawl by eight months, though it is only at one year old that they grow arms and claws with two "fingers" on the top arms, and three on the stronger low arms.
Xaling begin working with their parents at this stage, the parents leading their young ones in completing various tasks. This prepares them for following instructions in school and latter in life, along with teaching the 1/20 Xaling who are slightly more intelligent how to lead.
Between age one and five, a young xaling may claim a "comfort rock" that it grows attached to. This is thought to be an old evolutionary quark from the mud krisk, brought out by the young following their instincts more closely, typically growing out of it by age five.
At year four the Xaling are given tags, there are often too many for names alone to be meaningful, the tag contains a 12 digit number, their date of birth, and common name.
Young Xaling take classes of 100, attending every day, 10 hours a day, year round, all the way until they are 22.
They then enter a secondary school where they might pick a career and learn of it.
After the secondary school they may begin working, often starting in low level janitorial jobs, slowly buying augmentations and working their way up as their augmentations allow them to perform better than their counterparts.
Xaling usually live to be 120 years old without augmentations, with them their max life span is inconclusive. This often results in the most augmented and oldest Xaling being the most powerful, the older you are, the more money you have, and money is power.
With money, age, and inevitable boredom, comes the need for things to do and things to want. Various forms of metal art, gems, glass, and intricate food art are consumed by the super rich, with some malls as big as citys, the largest of which has over 30,000 stores under a single roof.
Cybernetics, Biocybernetics and Cybercosis
Augmentation is common, if not necessary for success in Xaling society, though they cannot be installed in a Xaling less than 20, due to continuing brain development.
CYBERNETICS are often the cheeper alternative for augmentations, being made of metal and computers, they often run hot and are inefficient at complex tasks, though they are generally good enough or even preferable for basic functions like replacing an eye, limb, or fast mathematical processing. Using cheeper cybernetics and material may require the use of an immunosuppressant to avoid an adverse reaction, though this increases the risk of infection and general disease.
Because if this, though there are very cheep cybernetics on the black market all but the poorest of lower class and those in rough neighborhoods use proper stores and hospitals to install them. Metal armor and voluntary limb replacement is quite common in rough and poor districts.
BIOCYBERNETICS are much more expensive and rare. Most can only be acquired through a hospital with proper growing vats/tubes and the ability to program flats, though a few high end stores, may have a basic biokit to install them.
Biokits may also be gotten on the black market, though they can cause severe side effects or death if not operated properly, the lower class may use biocybernetics, though they are much more risky than the mechanical alternative given the reputation of lower class biomechanics.
CYBERCOSIS is a mental, condition wherein the subject looses touch with reality due to over augmentation.
Though the effects can vary widely based on the enhancements, and the subject's mental predisposition. Cybercosis is less common in subjects with biocybernetics, though not unheard of.
Physical
Physical enhancement has the least impact on xaling psychology. Mental side effects are extremely rare, however with full body replacement also comes full sensory replacement and possible overload. (See sensory below) most side effects are caused by a subject's ethics and personal philosophy.
Physical enhancements can cause a sense of emptiness and depression, having lost most of their biological body, some subjects may feel that all they need is electricity and a paste to feed their nervous system, making other things and their life seem pointless, like eating, sleeping, and socializing. This may be a gradual and creeping sense of dread as more augmentation is added, or begin as a sudden realization of what the subject has become.
On the other end, a subject may be thrilled with the idea, feeling that it has made them near immortal, and having freed them from the needs of a biological body, perhaps feeling more familiar with machines than their own biological brethren. These may be refered to as cybrx (ˈsaɪbrs), a corruption of cybrex (ˈsaɪbrɛks), the name given to them by humans when they came in contact with the xaling, since the effects of modification on these individuals are similar to the effects on heavily augmented human cybrex. (Was caused by a human typo and translation error. The error was discovered several hours later, however xaling scientists had already released the conversation transcript to reporters and media outlets, and the name stuck. For a time the scientific community refered to augmented xaling as cybrex, though they did eventually accept cybrx to help distinguish themselves from the human variant. Before humans there was no official name for the cybrx.)
While most will go about their normal lives, some cybrx may attempt to gather a following of like minded augmented xaling, feeling they need to free themselves from basic biological needs. These groups can range from reserved and closed off, to open and accepting of the unaugmented, keeping track of a credit to help pay for their conversion.
Individuals may rise among the cybrx that ether have a predisposition causing insanity, or may suffer from too many mental or sensory augmentation.
Attacks from over augmented cybrx are very rare, though quite devastating. An average of 0.005/100,000 people die (an average of 25 per square mile) every year from such attacks. (There are ~1,000,000,000,000 Xaling on their homeworld. A total of ~5,000,000 world wide die every year from attacks. This sounds like allot, but consider that 292,320,000 xaling hatch every day planet wide.) Although being a cybrx in and of it's self is not harmful, or risky to others, the aforementioned damage caused by a sick cybrx, and the media have created a negative misconception about heavy physical augmentation.
A special squad of police are used to respond to attacks, they are often remote controlled war machines or manned biomechs equiped to capture or (usually) kill the agitators. The rodan may assist or arm these squads, basic rodan weapons being more advanced than most xaling equipment, along with a stronger bipedal body better designed for physical combat.
25%-30% of the population may qualify to be a cybrx. ~2% of cybrx may be unstable.
sensory
Sensory cybernetics can cause sleeping issues and if too many are installed, can cause sensory overload.
Symptoms of overload usually entail schizophrenic behavior, such as mistrust of friends and a senseless fear of certain objects, such as a hammer, or knife laying on the floor that could be used as a weapon, despite there being no one in sight.
Overloaded individuals may avoid or suddenly run away from friends and attempt to destroy or run away from the frightening object. It is extremely rare for subjects to attack friends during an anxiety attack.
Individuals suffering from an anxiety attack may be reported and taken in by the government, having their cybernetics removed and put into rehabilitation, often having a full recovery within a year.
~90% of the population have sensory systems. ~5% of the population may be unstable.
mental
Mental enhancement is some of the most complex, as it adds to or replaces part of the subject's brain.
Mental enhancements are almost never done by established shops and often too expensive for low lives to buy on the black market. The most basic of mechanical mental enhancements are more expensive than most biological enhancements of the other two categories.
Mental enhancements have the greatest effect out of all mods, but also the greatest risk, and adverse effects.
It is much rarer for someone to become unstable from too many mental enhancements due to cost prohibiting most people from getting more than one or two, however, there have been a few cases where higher class citizens have gone crazy, or developed a split personality from too many augments.
Symptoms typically range from loosing time, to sleep walking for several days, to loosing control over your body, being traped inside, only able to watch as your mods work as you.
There are very few known methods of detecting and helping a person who has too many mental implants, due to the delicate nature of them, and potential to loose vast amounts of memory if they are deactivated, due to the subject's brain relying on them to store data or process information. Removing the mods may leve the subject a vegetable.
Because of their inherent danger, mental enhancements are highly regulated, and only so many can be made per year.
The government bids out the right to make these enhancements every 10 years, with the cost getting added to the highest bidder's taxes.
~40% of the population have at least one mental implant. ~1% may be overcome by them.
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There are many other augmentations that have an unclear position among the categories. An example would be neural plugs and I/O systems for the net. (internet)
Though they do connect to the brain, and may qualify as an addition in some respects, they are not considered mental augmentations since they usually do not handle cognitive processes, instead they are considered a sensory augment since they are enabling the connection between a biological brain and the net, usually through a brain's auditory and visual centers.
Religion:
Due to wide spread education and technology, religion is very rare among xaling, and what little there is usually has to do with the worship of technology, limbo, or the universe.
These religions usually pop up in poorly educated districts and are usually the result of misinterpreting a subject, especially limbo the entity and limbo subspace.
The largest underground religion is the "church of othob" with 12,000 members.
Though the government does not have a law against religion, they do discourage it.
Space politics:
Over the years sentiment grew between the Xaling and Rodan empires, both are very number orientated, and do not like to waist time, when they want something they get it. Xaling still maintain the majority of their population on their homeworld, often sharing worlds with the Rodan, who prefer a cold environment to properly run their factorys and computers, along with the ability to experiment with xaling DNA and methane based life, specifically methane based neural nets. In exchange the Rodan, with the best ships, offer highly discounted space travel and manufacturing services.
(Gold, due to it's electrical use and inherent rarity, is the galactic standard currency exchanged between all known races.)
The xaling and rodan have also gone on many research ventures. Rodan have a special interest in the aforementioned neural nets due to their ability to aid in parallel processing, more naturally extrapolate probability, and survive at the cold temperatures of space. Carbon based nets are very touchy and need to be warmed, while the machines next to it like to run cold. The downside being that cold hydrocarbon nets must be very pressurised, or kept at a very narrow temperature window so the methane does not freeze or boil. Keeping it in a small temperature window is not that hard for rodan technology and low pressure makes the container less dangerous if it fails, but there will be a significant slowdown since low pressure atoms become more spaced out, increasing signal travel distance, and calculation time.
Low pressure carbon based nets also have the disadvantage of using an axon with synapse at the end, while hydrocarbon nerves do not utilise an axon, instead having terminals and synapse branching off the main cell next to the dendrites. This makes the carbon nets slower than hydrocarbon ones at high pressures, and faster at low pressures. (The speed difference is more mellowed out with carbon nets, they still get slower at low pressures, and faster at high pressures, but not as much as hydrocarbon nets.)
In addition to neural nets, there have been multiple projects involving a regenerating hull for jumpships. Travel though limbo can be very corrosive to a ship's hull depending on how fast you go and how close to gravity wells you get. A hull that can regenerate would allow for longer jumps and would do away with the need for hull inspection and time consuming plate replacement.
Several experimental ships have been fitted with a regenerating carapace, however it has proven to grow far too slowly and consumes far too much food material to be practical and does not work well with extremely hot plasma shields.
It has been theorised that regenerating hulls may be practical for 1000 mile long void class ships, due to the square/cube law, though such a massive venture has not yet been tested.
Xaling ships:
As mentioned before, most transportation is done with rodan vessels though the xaling still favor their own ships for some scientific endeavors in other systems, and mining, where renting a rodan ship is too expensive for the profitable collection and selling of fusionable material. (Mostly hydrogen from gas giants.)
That being said, xaling ships are commonly made of steel, aluminum, or some other metallic substance, and have an augmented xaling pilot connected to the ship. Most ships are controlled entirely by the pilot, and any crew are usually security (turret crew and boarding party deterrent), engineers (repair), and medics.
Only the largest ships will have more than the pilot and captain connected to the bridge at the same time.
Piracy:
As with every space faring biological civilisation, there will be piracy. These pirates typically hide in caves, in planetary rings, and the far reaches of the solar system.
Pirates are usually poor miners, broke merchants, ships with mutineer crew, or escaped criminals.
These pirates, much like human pirates of old, usually leave people and bigger ships alone, and typically only kill when they are not given what they want, or need to keep up an image. (They are people, not ruthless animals after all.)
The most notable pirate is "commander blue". (Known for his once oddly blue skin, only known to happen when some xaling are born in space.) His father was a miner who's ship was mistakenly attacked by a rodan escort who was not informed by the xaling space controll agency of their presence near a gas giant.
Blue can qualify as a cybrx, (the name carried over, even after conversion.) commands at least 56 ships, and is known for boarding ships with his cloths on fire, attempting to paint an evil or crazy image of himself so the ship is less likely to resist once boarded. His first officer acts as a more down to earth moderator, pretending to argue against blue's seemingly insane ramblings to butcher, kill, or torture the captured ship's crew.
Blue has also been known to ram other ships if normal combat is ineffective (combat with greater than 1,000,000 miles between ships.) And is rumored to have a giant shipyard floating between stars somewhere in the buffalo nebulae. Though all attempts to find it have come up empty, causing some to believe the base is somewhere else, or does not exist.
Comments? Questions? Thoughts? Likes? Dislikes?
submitted by human1526 to casualworldbuilding [link] [comments]


2020.09.20 22:11 human1526 The Xaling race.

http://imgur.com/a/PqB7VRY
The Xaling (ˈzɔːlɪŋ) originate from an overgrown, cold, yet jungle like planet containing nine contents, and three oceans.
24.5 bar atmosphere. Most of the atmosphere is helium, the second most abundant element, all hydrogen has become bonded with other things or become methane. Nitrogen makes up about three percent of the atmosphere and trace gasses make the other one percent.
~(-100°C) boiling point of methane
~(-180°C) freezing point of methane
(-147°C) average planetary temperature.
Sun is 1.1 solar masses
Distance from Sun is 5.5 AU
(822,800,000 km)
Planetary mass 1.3×Earth
12.2963 Earth year orbital period
Nearest star: laurak, and ain. A binary class k and class g star. Based on current orbital speed and atmospheric thickness, the xaling homeworld was likely floating through the galaxy for about 1 billion years, and did not originate from the laurak/ain system.
Nearest star distance: 4.6 - 4.7 LY
Planetary origin.
The Xaling homeworld was originally an ice ball of sorts, covered in frozen methane as it floated between star systems, picking up a thick helium and hydrogen atmosphere in the process.
As it approached and was captured by a star the planet warmed, allowing the methane to liquify into oceans and most of the hydrogen atmosphere to cook off, bond with other things, or become more methane. Using methane as a solvent similar to earth life with water, hydrocarbon based xenobiology began to form, and eventually led to multicellular organisms.
Being a captured planet is also why it's orbit is not on the same plane as the other planets, along with the orbit direction and planetary spin being opposite of other objects in the system.
Evolution:
The Xaling originate from the north aclesian mud krisk, a hairless brown spider like creature with a ball shaped body, four knobby legs, and four small pincers on the end of primitive arm like structures that hang under it's head. This creature exhibits primitive intelligence, and has been seen throwing rocks or sticks at other members of their group. This is thought to be a form of play among the younger krisk, as they may toss a rock back and forth among each other.
A number of krisk migrated east of aclesia and into a planes like region in rqun where they evolved into a now extinct species with slightly longer limbs and purple skin.
This extinct species eventually diverged, one half staying on the planes in rqun, while the other half moved south, through the Equatorial jungle.
Dawn of Xaling civilisation:
Those who remained on the planes became fatter, allowing for longer time between feedings, and learned how to farm the purple grass like plants that grew there. Soon, they began making more permanent living spaces, digging their burrows deep into the ground, and eventually, making the first city.
Within 100 years of the first city they had developed a social class system, Monetary units of pressed iron, a delicacy similar to soup that is still enjoyed today, and most importantly, began building free standing structures.
Xaling cites spread across the planes region, some splitting off, forming their own country. Wars where fought and over time a great empire came forth, it erected spires, some over 200 feet tall in an attempt to appease the gods above, may they provide extra rain this year and ward off disease among livestock.
This empire reached a golden age and forgot their religion as they eventually created computers, automated production, and medical advancements. The Xaling population exploded as the death rate fell, but with more Xaling came a greater need for food. A lack of food caused by drought, blight, and the rise of crime led to a coup, the government was overthrown and the rebels could not hold the empire together, within a year it collapsed into 30 small nations.
The nations fought among one another, eventually becoming a total of 12.
In an effort to find more land to support a starving population the king of fearn approved an expedition into the equatorial jungles, believing that more land may be found on the other side of bug, parasite, and disease infested toxic land.
The expedition traveled for 455 days before reaching the other side, only 22 of the original 300 had survived. Rather than finding more planes land as they had hoped, they where met with a forested land, where the ground was clear, yet eternally cloaked in darkness as strange tree like structures fought for sun in the mile high canopy.
They soon encountered a village of strange Xaling with odd growths. They farmed exotic plants, fed strange meat sacks that hung from above, and lived in fleshy huts that grew from the ground.
Southern history:
When primitive Xaling reached the new land of darkness in the continent of tres they discovered a plant that can grow in the dark, and small snake like creatures that have offspring on a daily basis, now known as the "Jungle Buffalo" despite their desert origin. (Deep south)
Adapting to have more eyes than their planes based counterparts, they could see better in the dark. Soon they too built citys, and to an extent, their own countrys.
The southern Xaling, though they had fewer countrys, less population, and fought each other less, where much more technologically advanced.
Being able to eat the lightless plants, and the daily offspring of the jungle buffalo, allowed for a more nutritious diet. While the Xaling of rqun fought for space and where desperate for food, the Xaling of tres often existed peacefully due to the abundant resources and where allowed more time in their day to innovate and make their life even easier.
Following the creation of computers, the southern Xaling sent an expedition to the north. A number of archeologists theorised the existence of richer thorium deposits, the difference being caused by plate movement. The expedition worked through the equatorial jungles, met a village of territorial fat planes Xaling, and where killed.
After another expedition was sent and brought word of the situation back to the southern capital the government decided to leave the north alone, they will ether advance to a level in which war is unthinkable, reach a level in which they can cross the jungles and must be given more serious thought, or they will annihilate themselves, allowing the south to sweep across their ruins. They will ether advance and contact the south, or Parrish, leaving their land open to colonisation. The south need only wait.
The south soon advanced their technology beyond machines and into the world of bioengineering, eventually discovering the flat, a bacteria that can be used for bioware augmentations and growth of biological structures.
The time of machines came and went as the southern Xaling began to grow their houses and factorys. Muscled tubes criss crossed the land and underground, cargo and passengers packed into large, ribbed, football shaped containers that the tubes pushed from one city to another.
The arrival of an expedition from the north sparked a movement among the southern xaling, pressuring the government to unite the two sides.
Long Biopassages with hard outer shells where grown across the toxic jungles.
Discovery of the south and creation of the passages caused conflict among the northern nations as those bordering the jungle had more ease of access.
The south soon closed off the passages, stating that the north must collect themselves before engaging in further contact.
It is unclear what happened to the northern Xaling next, all records of the north where destroyed in some great war, the south is the only reason information from before the war was saved.
After 50 years had passed the south opened up the passages again out of concern for the north, finding that most major citys had been destroyed and what few northern Xaling where left had fallen into a state of technobarbarism, surviving in the ruins, feeding on each other and what pests scurried around. Some groups worshiping what little technology they had.
The south spread across the northern lands and brought the barbaric hordes back into civility, soon they spread across the rest of their planet, creating a vast empire to last the ages. 100 years later, they invented flight, and 50 after that, the first rocket.
After reaching the edge of their solar system they encountered a great ship. 1000 miles long, the "RMS CONTACT" had been watching the little Xaling for over 1500 years, waiting for them to unify their planet and reach for the stars, seeing eye to eye on most idealistic issues and a mutual curiosity, the Xaling and Rodan machine race began trade, and have existed without major conflict.
Life:
Xaling typically have a hatch of 7. Younglings are born with 6-34 eyes, but 95% have between 14 and 22, it is extremely rare to have an odd number of eyes. Hatchlings are usually smart enough to speak by the end of three months and strong enough to crawl by eight months, though it is only at one year old that they grow arms and claws with two "fingers" on the top arms, and three on the stronger low arms.
Xaling begin working with their parents at this stage, the parents leading their young ones in completing various tasks. This prepares them for following instructions in school and latter in life, along with teaching the 1/20 Xaling who are slightly more intelligent how to lead.
Between age one and five, a young xaling may claim a "comfort rock" that it grows attached to. This is thought to be an old evolutionary quark from the mud krisk, brought out by the young following their instincts more closely, typically growing out of it by age five.
At year four the Xaling are given tags, there are often too many for names alone to be meaningful, the tag contains a 12 digit number, their date of birth, and common name.
Young Xaling take classes of 100, attending every day, 10 hours a day, year round, all the way until they are 22.
They then enter a secondary school where they might pick a career and learn of it.
After the secondary school they may begin working, often starting in low level janitorial jobs, slowly buying augmentations and working their way up as their augmentations allow them to perform better than their counterparts.
Xaling usually live to be 120 years old without augmentations, with them their max life span is inconclusive. This often results in the most augmented and oldest Xaling being the most powerful, the older you are, the more money you have, and money is power.
With money, age, and inevitable boredom, comes the need for things to do and things to want. Various forms of metal art, gems, glass, and intricate food art are consumed by the super rich, with some malls as big as citys, the largest of which has over 30,000 stores under a single roof.
Cybernetics, Biocybernetics and Cybercosis
Augmentation is common, if not necessary for success in Xaling society, though they cannot be installed in a Xaling less than 20, due to continuing brain development.
CYBERNETICS are often the cheeper alternative for augmentations, being made of metal and computers, they often run hot and are inefficient at complex tasks, though they are generally good enough or even preferable for basic functions like replacing an eye, limb, or fast mathematical processing. Using cheeper cybernetics and material may require the use of an immunosuppressant to avoid an adverse reaction, though this increases the risk of infection and general disease.
Because if this, though there are very cheep cybernetics on the black market all but the poorest of lower class and those in rough neighborhoods use proper stores and hospitals to install them. Metal armor and voluntary limb replacement is quite common in rough and poor districts.
BIOCYBERNETICS are much more expensive and rare. Most can only be acquired through a hospital with proper growing vats/tubes and the ability to program flats, though a few high end stores, may have a basic biokit to install them.
Biokits may also be gotten on the black market, though they can cause severe side effects or death if not operated properly, the lower class may use biocybernetics, though they are much more risky than the mechanical alternative given the reputation of lower class biomechanics.
CYBERCOSIS is a mental, condition wherein the subject looses touch with reality due to over augmentation.
Though the effects can vary widely based on the enhancements, and the subject's mental predisposition. Cybercosis is less common in subjects with biocybernetics, though not unheard of.
Physical
Physical enhancement has the least impact on xaling psychology. Mental side effects are extremely rare, however with full body replacement also comes full sensory replacement and possible overload. (See sensory below) most side effects are caused by a subject's ethics and personal philosophy.
Physical enhancements can cause a sense of emptiness and depression, having lost most of their biological body, some subjects may feel that all they need is electricity and a paste to feed their nervous system, making other things and their life seem pointless, like eating, sleeping, and socializing. This may be a gradual and creeping sense of dread as more augmentation is added, or begin as a sudden realization of what the subject has become.
On the other end, a subject may be thrilled with the idea, feeling that it has made them near immortal, and having freed them from the needs of a biological body, perhaps feeling more familiar with machines than their own biological brethren. These may be refered to as cybrx (ˈsaɪbrs), a corruption of cybrex (ˈsaɪbrɛks), the name given to them by humans when they came in contact with the xaling, since the effects of modification on these individuals are similar to the effects on heavily augmented human cybrex. (Was caused by a human typo and translation error. The error was discovered several hours later, however xaling scientists had already released the conversation transcript to reporters and media outlets, and the name stuck. For a time the scientific community refered to augmented xaling as cybrex, though they did eventually accept cybrx to help distinguish themselves from the human variant. Before humans there was no official name for the cybrx.)
While most will go about their normal lives, some cybrx may attempt to gather a following of like minded augmented xaling, feeling they need to free themselves from basic biological needs. These groups can range from reserved and closed off, to open and accepting of the unaugmented, keeping track of a credit to help pay for their conversion.
Individuals may rise among the cybrx that ether have a predisposition causing insanity, or may suffer from too many mental or sensory augmentation.
Attacks from over augmented cybrx are very rare, though quite devastating. An average of 0.005/100,000 people die (an average of 25 per square mile) every year from such attacks. (There are ~1,000,000,000,000 Xaling on their homeworld. A total of ~5,000,000 world wide die every year from attacks. This sounds like allot, but consider that 292,320,000 xaling hatch every day planet wide.) Although being a cybrx in and of it's self is not harmful, or risky to others, the aforementioned damage caused by a sick cybrx, and the media have created a negative misconception about heavy physical augmentation.
A special squad of police are used to respond to attacks, they are often remote controlled war machines or manned biomechs equiped to capture or (usually) kill the agitators. The rodan may assist or arm these squads, basic rodan weapons being more advanced than most xaling equipment, along with a stronger bipedal body better designed for physical combat.
25%-30% of the population may qualify to be a cybrx. ~2% of cybrx may be unstable.
sensory
Sensory cybernetics can cause sleeping issues and if too many are installed, can cause sensory overload.
Symptoms of overload usually entail schizophrenic behavior, such as mistrust of friends and a senseless fear of certain objects, such as a hammer, or knife laying on the floor that could be used as a weapon, despite there being no one in sight.
Overloaded individuals may avoid or suddenly run away from friends and attempt to destroy or run away from the frightening object. It is extremely rare for subjects to attack friends during an anxiety attack.
Individuals suffering from an anxiety attack may be reported and taken in by the government, having their cybernetics removed and put into rehabilitation, often having a full recovery within a year.
~90% of the population have sensory systems. ~5% of the population may be unstable.
mental
Mental enhancement is some of the most complex, as it adds to or replaces part of the subject's brain.
Mental enhancements are almost never done by established shops and often too expensive for low lives to buy on the black market. The most basic of mechanical mental enhancements are more expensive than most biological enhancements of the other two categories.
Mental enhancements have the greatest effect out of all mods, but also the greatest risk, and adverse effects.
It is much rarer for someone to become unstable from too many mental enhancements due to cost prohibiting most people from getting more than one or two, however, there have been a few cases where higher class citizens have gone crazy, or developed a split personality from too many augments.
Symptoms typically range from loosing time, to sleep walking for several days, to loosing control over your body, being traped inside, only able to watch as your mods work as you.
There are very few known methods of detecting and helping a person who has too many mental implants, due to the delicate nature of them, and potential to loose vast amounts of memory if they are deactivated, due to the subject's brain relying on them to store data or process information. Removing the mods may leve the subject a vegetable.
Because of their inherent danger, mental enhancements are highly regulated, and only so many can be made per year.
The government bids out the right to make these enhancements every 10 years, with the cost getting added to the highest bidder's taxes.
~40% of the population have at least one mental implant. ~1% may be overcome by them.
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There are many other augmentations that have an unclear position among the categories. An example would be neural plugs and I/O systems for the net. (internet)
Though they do connect to the brain, and may qualify as an addition in some respects, they are not considered mental augmentations since they usually do not handle cognitive processes, instead they are considered a sensory augment since they are enabling the connection between a biological brain and the net, usually through a brain's auditory and visual centers.
Religion:
Due to wide spread education and technology, religion is very rare among xaling, and what little there is usually has to do with the worship of technology, limbo, or the universe.
These religions usually pop up in poorly educated districts and are usually the result of misinterpreting a subject, especially limbo the entity and limbo subspace.
The largest underground religion is the "church of othob" with 12,000 members.
Though the government does not have a law against religion, they do discourage it.
Space politics:
Over the years sentiment grew between the Xaling and Rodan empires, both are very number orientated, and do not like to waist time, when they want something they get it. Xaling still maintain the majority of their population on their homeworld, often sharing worlds with the Rodan, who prefer a cold environment to properly run their factorys and computers, along with the ability to experiment with xaling DNA and methane based life, specifically methane based neural nets. In exchange the Rodan, with the best ships, offer highly discounted space travel and manufacturing services.
(Gold, due to it's electrical use and inherent rarity, is the galactic standard currency exchanged between all known races.)
The xaling and rodan have also gone on many research ventures. Rodan have a special interest in the aforementioned neural nets due to their ability to aid in parallel processing, more naturally extrapolate probability, and survive at the cold temperatures of space. Carbon based nets are very touchy and need to be warmed, while the machines next to it like to run cold. The downside being that cold hydrocarbon nets must be very pressurised, or kept at a very narrow temperature window so the methane does not freeze or boil. Keeping it in a small temperature window is not that hard for rodan technology and low pressure makes the container less dangerous if it fails, but there will be a significant slowdown since low pressure atoms become more spaced out, increasing signal travel distance, and calculation time.
Low pressure carbon based nets also have the disadvantage of using an axon with synapse at the end, while hydrocarbon nerves do not utilise an axon, instead having terminals and synapse branching off the main cell next to the dendrites. This makes the carbon nets slower than hydrocarbon ones at high pressures, and faster at low pressures. (The speed difference is more mellowed out with carbon nets, they still get slower at low pressures, and faster at high pressures, but not as much as hydrocarbon nets.)
In addition to neural nets, there have been multiple projects involving a regenerating hull for jumpships. Travel though limbo can be very corrosive to a ship's hull depending on how fast you go and how close to gravity wells you get. A hull that can regenerate would allow for longer jumps and would do away with the need for hull inspection and time consuming plate replacement.
Several experimental ships have been fitted with a regenerating carapace, however it has proven to grow far too slowly and consumes far too much food material to be practical and does not work well with extremely hot plasma shields.
It has been theorised that regenerating hulls may be practical for 1000 mile long void class ships, due to the square/cube law, though such a massive venture has not yet been tested.
Xaling ships:
As mentioned before, most transportation is done with rodan vessels though the xaling still favor their own ships for some scientific endeavors in other systems, and mining, where renting a rodan ship is too expensive for the profitable collection and selling of fusionable material. (Mostly hydrogen from gas giants.)
That being said, xaling ships are commonly made of steel, aluminum, or some other metallic substance, and have an augmented xaling pilot connected to the ship. Most ships are controlled entirely by the pilot, and any crew are usually security (turret crew and boarding party deterrent), engineers (repair), and medics.
Only the largest ships will have more than the pilot and captain connected to the bridge at the same time.
Piracy:
As with every space faring biological civilisation, there will be piracy. These pirates typically hide in caves, in planetary rings, and the far reaches of the solar system.
Pirates are usually poor miners, broke merchants, ships with mutineer crew, or escaped criminals.
These pirates, much like human pirates of old, usually leave people and bigger ships alone, and typically only kill when they are not given what they want, or need to keep up an image. (They are people, not ruthless animals after all.)
The most notable pirate is "commander blue". (Known for his once oddly blue skin, only known to happen when some xaling are born in space.) His father was a miner who's ship was mistakenly attacked by a rodan escort who was not informed by the xaling space controll agency of their presence near a gas giant.
Blue can qualify as a cybrx, (the name carried over, even after conversion.) commands at least 56 ships, and is known for boarding ships with his cloths on fire, attempting to paint an evil or crazy image of himself so the ship is less likely to resist once boarded. His first officer acts as a more down to earth moderator, pretending to argue against blue's seemingly insane ramblings to butcher, kill, or torture the captured ship's crew.
Blue has also been known to ram other ships if normal combat is ineffective (combat with greater than 1,000,000 miles between ships.) And is rumored to have a giant shipyard floating between stars somewhere in the buffalo nebulae. Though all attempts to find it have come up empty, causing some to believe the base is somewhere else, or does not exist.
Comments? Questions? Thoughts? Likes? Dislikes?
submitted by human1526 to worldbuilding [link] [comments]


2020.09.20 14:35 prowler760 BRDC British F3: Donington Park II - Race 3 Discussion

BRDC British F3: Donington Park II - Race 3 Discussion
BRDC British F3 - Donington Park II

Session Times

Session Local Time
Qualifying Sat 10:50
Race 1 Sat 14:55
Race 2 Sun 10:35
Race 3 Sun 16:05
A .pdf of the weekends timetable including other events can be found here.
You can convert the session times to your local time by follow the following link.

Circuit Information

Donington Park
Layout: Here
Length: 4.020 km (2.498 mi)
Turns: 12
Race Distance: 12 Laps - Max 20'

Timing & Streaming

The BRDC British F3 Championship has it's own official Live Timing & Streaming services.

Twitter & Discord

For up to date information regarding this series, follow these Twitter accounts:
We have a Discord server for the subreddit, check it out here: Link

Standings

Full championship standings can be found in the following link: Official Standings
submitted by prowler760 to F1FeederSeries [link] [comments]


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